Factsheets
Safe Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Higher toxicity refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries, of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs. Many of these alternative refrigerants have particular characteristics in terms of toxicity, flammability and high pressure which are different from those used previously such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and HCFCs. When refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment is installed, serviced, repaired and dismantled, safety issues need to be carefully evaluated and considered particularly when servicing technicians have to deal with refrigerants with properties that they were previously not familiar with. It is therefore important that the refrigeration and airconditioning industry adapts to both the technical and safety issues concerning these refrigerants.


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Serials
The African Journalist No. 43 March 1987: The Militarization of Africa
Union of African Journalists

A monthly bulletin published by the Union of African Journalists in Arabic, English and French


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Other
Message on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer "Marking the 30th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol" - 16 September 2017
United Nations

The Secretary General's International Ozone Day message 2017


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Newsletters
OzonAction: Protecting our atmosphere for generations to come - 25 Years of the Montreal Protocol
United Nations Environment Programme

The OzonAction Special Issue (OASI) features articles from international experts on many important issues including the celebrations of 25 years of the Montreal Protocol. OASI is the mouthpiece of the Montreal Protocol. A special issue dedicated to stratospheric ozone and climate change related issues and the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, providing the most recent information on ozone protection activities from industry, governments, NGOs and international organizations. It is devoted to current topics of particular interest to Article 5 countries, i.e. maximizing climate benefits from ozone protection activities. OASI is produced by the UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch and financially supported by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.


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Reports and Books
Opening the Door to Cleaner Vehicles in Developing and Transition Countries:The Role of Lower Sulphur Fuels - Report of the Sulphur Working Group of the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV)
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides information to help policymakers in developing and transi- tion countries understand the effects of the presence of sulphur in transportation fuels and the options available to lower sulphur levels to reduce vehicular emissions. The publication provides a general, non-technical overview of the considerations, benefits, and options for the development of policies and actions to reduce the level of sulphur in transportation fuels.


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