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Reports and Books
A Guide for the Assessment of the Costs and Benefits of Sustainability Certification
United Nations Environment Programme

This study intends to provide a diverse set of tools that can be adapted to the specific focus of the question the user is trying to answer. It will guide the user through the most relevant steps of the analysis, and provide further resources to deepen the technical knowledge to implement a cost-benefit analysis (CBA).


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Reports and Books
Smoke on Water: Countering Global Threats from Peatland Loss and Degradation - A Rapid Response Assessment. Revised Edition
United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal

More than 180 countries have peatlands but we are only just starting to understand their role in both climate change and our efforts to curb it. Peatlands cover less than three percent of the Earth’s surface but are the largest terrestrial organic carbon stock – storing twice as much carbon as in the world’s forests. In fact, greenhouse gas emissions from drained or burned peatlands account for five percent of the global carbon budget. This first report from the Global Peatlands Initiative highlights why the threat to peatlands from agriculture, forestry, resource extraction and infrastructure development is a threat to the climate.


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