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Summaries
释放土地资源 可持续潜力: 评估系统、战略与工具
United Nations Environment Programme

各国的政策制定者、国际发展组织、农民和环保主义者,可以利用土地评估来提高生产效率、增加 生物多样性保护的成功率,并促进创新。土地评估有助于针对如何使用土地做出更好的决策,因此是实 现防治土地退化(可持续发展目标15.3)不可或缺的。我们需要充分认识土地的长期潜力,以便: (1)提 高土地生产效率同时适应气候变化;(2)尽量减少土地利用变化产生的社会、经济和环境风险;(3) 提高土地恢复的成功率并识别可被修复的土地;(4)促进创新与知识共享。在20世纪,很多高质量的评 估已经完成,这些评估为新的评估工作奠定了基础。本报告为农场实施和完成土地评估提供工具,并使 其在国家范围内规模化。


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2016
GEO
全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署
环境署

全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署


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2016
Reports and Books
UNEP Frontiers: 2016 report: Emerging issues of environmental concern
United Nations Environment Programme

The UNEP Frontiers 2016 edition presents six emerging issues. It highlights, for example, that the global significance of the financial sector should not confine itself only to enhancing global economic growth, but also to advancing environmental sustainability. The financial sector has a crucial role to play in investing in new low-carbon, resource efficient and environmentally sound assets, and shifting capital away from traditional assets that have high impacts on the environment. The report presents a number of emerging financial initiatives led by the financial sector as innovative solutions to sustainability challenges.


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2016

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Reports and Books
Review of the Kubuqi Ecological Restoration Project: A Desert Green Economy Pilot Initiative
United Nations Environment Programme

A key element of the Rio+20 declaration was the agreement of countries to consider green economy as one of the important tools available for achieving sustainable development and eradicating poverty. Deserts perhaps pose one of the most challenging situations for implementing a green economy approach, due to the harsh, unpredictable environmental conditions, fragile ecosystem equilibrium, inherently low production potential, and limited infrastructure. Despite these challenges, from 1988 Elion Resources Group (Elion) took up restoration1 of part of the Kubuqi Desert, located in Hangjin Qi, within the Ordos City prefecture in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, which later developed into an example of desert green economy. The achievements to date have been remarkable and have attracted much international attention. However what were the factors that led to the success of the project and to what extent could the principles be applied to other dryland areas? The objective of this review was to provide a scientific assessment of the Kubuqi Pilot Site2 with respect to the project’s ecological economic and social sustainability with a focus on private-public-community partnerships.


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2015
Summaries
Economic Valuation of Wastewater - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

This is executive summary of a book that presents the results of an analytical study of the economic assessment of wastewater, comparing economic losses from inaction to the cost of effective wastewater management.


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2015
Reports and Books
The Financial System We Need: Aligning the Financial System with Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

The global report of the UNEP Inquiry argues that there is now a historic opportunity to shape a financial system that can more effectively finance the development of an inclusive, green economy. This opportunity is based on a growing trend in policy innovation from central banks, financial regulators and standard setters, who are incorporating sustainability factors into the rules that govern the financial system. The report draws together practical examples of policy changes in banking, capital markets, insurance and institutional investment, drawing on detailed work in countries such as Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Colombia, France, India, Indonesia, Kenya, South Africa, the UK and the USA. It offers a Framework for Action that shows how a systematic approach can now be taken at both the national and international levels.


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2015