Factsheets
Commonly Used Non-ODS Substitute Refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

COMMONLY USED NON-ODS SUBSTITUTE REFRIGERANTS 1. Global Warming Potential, WMO Scientific Assessment Report 2014; Report of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps Technical Options Committee 2014 Assessment 2. A1 = Lower toxicity, no flame propagation (non-flammable); B1 = Higher toxicity, no flame propagation (non-flammable); A2 = Lower toxicity, flammable; A2L = Lower toxicity, lower flammability; B2L = Higher toxicity, lower flammability. 3. 2901.10 applies only if the concentration of is higher than 95%, otherwise 2711.13 (“Butanes”) applies.


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2016

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Summaries
The Emissions Gap Report 2016: A UNEP Synthesis – Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

Executive summary


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2016
Reports and Books
Radiation: Effects and sources
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication is based on the major scientific reports of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) published in the last 25 years and aims to expand public knowledge on levels of exposure to ionizing radiation and possible associated effects. This publication does not set, or even recommend, radiation safety standards, rather, it provides information on basic science related to radiation (origin, quantities and units), on radiation effects (on humans and the environment) and on radiation sources (natural and artificial). Helping the public understand what radiation is and how it affects life on this planet lies within the core mandate of UNEP.


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2016
Reports and Books
The Montreal Protocol and Human Health: How Global Action Protects Us from the Ravages of Ultraviolet Radiation
United Nations Environment Programme

The booklet summarises current understanding of how changes in the ozone layer affect human health, not only in the world we live
in but also in the ‘World Avoided’. That is the world we would have lived in had we failed to control ozone depleting substances. By
examining the ‘World Avoided’ we clearly see, to echo the words of the Vienna Convention, the magnitude of the “harmful impact on
human health and the environment” that we have prevented through the effective implementation of the Montreal Protocol.


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2015
Reports and Books
The Financial System We Need: Aligning the Financial System with Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

The global report of the UNEP Inquiry argues that there is now a historic opportunity to shape a financial system that can more effectively finance the development of an inclusive, green economy. This opportunity is based on a growing trend in policy innovation from central banks, financial regulators and standard setters, who are incorporating sustainability factors into the rules that govern the financial system. The report draws together practical examples of policy changes in banking, capital markets, insurance and institutional investment, drawing on detailed work in countries such as Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Colombia, France, India, Indonesia, Kenya, South Africa, the UK and the USA. It offers a Framework for Action that shows how a systematic approach can now be taken at both the national and international levels.


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2015
Periodical
REDD+ Academy Learning Journal Edition 1 - Fall 2015
UN-REDD Programme, United Nations Environment Programme

The REDD+ Academy is a coordinated REDD+ capacity development initiative led by the UN-REDD Programme and the UNEP Environmental Education and Training Unit, which seeks to match the scale of the global climate change mitigation challenge and enable systematic, focused capacity development to deliver REDD+ on the ground. The REDD+ Academy is a comprehensive response to capacity building needs identified by the countries receiving support from the UN-REDD Programme. The main aim of the REDD+ Academy is to empower potential “REDD+ champions” with the requisite knowledge and skills to promote the implementation of national REDD+ activities.


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2015
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits
Procedure for the Analysis of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Environmental and Human Matrices to Implement the Global Monitoring Plan under the Stockholm Convention Protocol 1: The Analysis of Perfluorooctane Sulfonic Acid (PFOS) in Water and Perfluorooctane Sulfonamide (FOSA) in Mothers’ Milk, Human Serum and Air, and the Analysis of Some Perfluorooctane Sulfonamides (FOSAS) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonamido Ethanols (FOSES) in Air
United Nations Environment Programme
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2015
Summaries
Economic Valuation of Wastewater - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

This is executive summary of a book that presents the results of an analytical study of the economic assessment of wastewater, comparing economic losses from inaction to the cost of effective wastewater management.


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2015