Reports and Books
Frozen heat: a global outlook on methane gas hydrates - Volume 1
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2010, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) commissioned the Global Outlook on Gas Hydrates as part of its mandate to examine the environmental aspect of key emerging issues and provide accurate and objective scientific assessments for the benefit of the science community and policy makers. This report, written by experts in the field, provides a review of the science and history of this emerging energy source, evaluates the current state of research and explores the potential impacts of gas hydrates on the future global energy mix. By commissioning this report, UNEP neither encourages nor promotes the development and use of gas hydrates as an energy source.


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2014
Serials
The future of the Aral Sea lies in transboundary co-operation - UNEP global environmental alert service: January 2014
United Nations Environment Programme

Diversion of water sources has caused the Aral Sea in Central Asia to decline significantly over the past five decades. It has broken into several smaller seas, leaving behind a vast desert and a multitude of environmental, economic and social problems. Recent restorative action reveals a rebound of the fishing industry in what is now the North Aral Sea, possibly indicating a turn for the better, but it has come at the expense of the South Aral Sea. Although the water levels of the Aral Sea may never return to pre-1960s levels, transboundary co-operation on the implementation and compliance of conservation policies and activities provides some hope for the survival of the Aral Sea||helping secure livelihoods of those within its reaches.


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2014

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Reports and Books
MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Union, African Development Bank and United Nations Development Programmeme

African Member States have made remarkable progress towards achieving the MDGs despite difficult initial conditions. Indeed, previous MDG Progress Reports for Africa have shown that when effort and initial conditions are factored in, African countries are among the top achievers of the MDGs. A study of countries accelerating the most rapidly towards the MDGs found that eight of the world’s top ten best performers are in Africa. Further, progress was more rapid in least-developed countries (LDCs) than in non-LDCs despite the significant investments in infrastructure and human capital that countries at very low levels of development require to achieve the MDGs.


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2014