Reports and Books
Deep-sea sponge grounds Seas
United Nations Environment Programme

This report draws together scientific understanding of deep-water sponge grounds alongside the threats they face and ways in which they can be conserved. Beginning with a summary of research approaches, sponge biology and biodiversity, the report also gives up-to-date case studies of particular deep-water sponge habitats from around the world. These include the spectacular giant glass sponge reefs of British Columbia – a relic of the time of the dinosaurs – and the diverse sponge kingdom of Antarctica. Long overlooked, recent research now shows that deep-water sponge grounds form complex, slow-growing and long-lived habitats in many parts of the global ocean. As well as forming local biodiversity centres, deep-water sponges are also storehouses of novel chemical compounds, some of which show promise in the fight against cancer and other diseases. Despite their inherent and biotechnological value, deep-water sponge grounds have been damaged by bottom fishing. This report considers the international policy context in which deep-water sponge grounds can be conserved and concludes with a series of expert recommendations for conservation managers and international policy makers. The recommendations set out a series of actions so that these vulnerable marine ecosystems can be conserved for future generations


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2010
Reports and Books
State of play for sustainable buildings in India
United Nations Environment Programme

This report on the


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2010

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Reports and Books
UN-REDD National Programme Document: Zambia
Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources (MTENR), Zambia

The NJP is the first step toward preparation. Its goal is to prepare Zambian stakeholders and institutions for effective future nationwide implementation of REDD+, and it has the following objectives: i) build institutional and stakeholder capacity to implement REDD+||ii) develop an enabling policy environment for REDD+||iii) develop REDD+ benefit-sharing models||and iv) develop Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems for REDD+.


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2010
Reports and Books
Framing the Flow: Innovative Approaches to Understand, Protect and Value Ecosystem Services Across Linked Habitats
United Nations Environment Programme

Marine, coastal and freshwater ecosystems are complex and characterized by different outcomes and by the potential of rapid change, they present also linkages and tradeoffs among services, which is the reason that we cannot manage the services they provide separately. Many reports draw attention to the seriously disrupted state of marine ecosystems, as result of climate change, coastal development, overexploitation of ocean resources, nutrient and chemical pollution and other anthropogenic influences. Ecosystem functioning is strongly affected by this disruption. The publication will provide a synthesis of the current state of knowledge regarding the natural capital of water related ecosystems and will offer an overview of the innovative approaches that can support the analysis of the links between interconnect ecosystems. It will analyze the linkage across coastal ecosystem (as estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs) and the 'value added' in terms of ecosystem services (benefits), provided by the linkage as opposed to the services provided by just one system. The linkages between ecosystems will be examined under consideration of environmental, economic, management and social aspects.


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2010
Reports and Books
Pathways for implementing REDD+: experiences from carbon markets and communities
United Nations Environment Programme

The critical role of REDD+ in contributing to the global objective of climate change mitigation is increasingly recognised. REDD+ offers significant potential for rapid and low-cost emission reductions, with the added co-benefits of biodiversity, water and soil conservation, as well as poverty reduction. To date, more than four billion dollars in additional funding have been pledged by developed countries to support REDD+ activities in developing countries, which have in turn announced ambitious targets for emission reductions in the forestry sector. The ongoing international negotiations have included options for establishment of both a market mechanism, and a fund mechanism, or a combination of both to channel funds into REDD+ activities.


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2010

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