Reports and Books
Industry as a partner for sustainable development: iron and steel
United Nations Environment Programme

Steel is a material used to build the foundations of society. It is an iron-based material containing low amounts of carbon and alloying elements that can be made into thousands of compositions with exacting properties to meet a wide range of needs. Steel is truly a versatile material. Steel is produced in over 100 countries and its modern age goes back to the 19th century. Technological developments at that time allowed for mass production of steel and opened up new applications like railroads and automobiles. The origins of steel date from 3,000 year ago. An estimated value\"-' of steel produced worldwide in 2000 was in excess of USD200 billion. In figure I, the value of steel and other materials in common use is presented. Although exact values of the materials produced will change over time as production and prices fluctuate, the relative magnitude of the world's steel output with relation to other materials is apparent. Steel is an essential material for society and an essential material for sustainable development for people to satisfy their needs and aspirations. Steel is a part of people's everyday lives, in both the developed and developing world. Steel is used in providing transportation such as automobiles and railroads, building shelters from small housing to large multifamily dwellings, delivering energy such as electricity and natural gas, producing food with tools like tractors and hoes, supplying water with pumps and pipelines, and enabling healthcare with medical equipment.


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2002
Reports and Books
Changing production patterns: learning from the experience of national cleaner production centres
United Nations Environment Programme

Guidelines to establish cleaner production centres. Topics include: Setting up an NCPC, NCPC activities, integrating cleaner Production, financial sustainability, and frequently asked questions.


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2002

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Reports and Books
Caucasus Environment Outlook 2002
United Nations Environment Programme

This first Caucasus Environment Outlook (CEO) is a regional report and the result of work by experts from four countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Russia. The major objectives of the CEO are to report on the status of the Caucasus environment, identify ongoing socio-economic "driving forces" and offer an integrated look at regional economic and environmental trends and appropriate policy measures for the last 30-year period, in order to analyse changes which have occurred since the Stockholm Conference (1972) to date.


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2002
Reports and Books
Industry as a partner for sustainable development: accounting
The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)

This report tries to throw a new light on the accounting profession and on accounting professionals, by detailing the work that has been done since the early-1990s in terms of identifying the roles and responsibilities of the profession, in terms firstly of environmental issues and latterly in response to the broader sustainability imperative.


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2002

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