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GEO
Perspectivas del Medio Ambiente Urbano - GEO Centroamérica
United Nations Environment Programme (PNUMA), Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD)

El presente informe es el primero sobre Centroamérica de la serie GEO, auspiciada por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA), y su oficina regional para América Latina y el Caribe, con sede en Ciudad de México. Aunque tiene su punto de partida en el enfoque de “evaluación ambiental integrada”, común a la familia GEO, introduce una nueva perspectiva de análisis territorial que enriquece y a la vez vuelve más complejo y demandante el estudio.


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2004
Serials
Ozonaction
United Nations Environment Programme

Newsletter dedicated to the protection of the ozone layer and implementation of Montreal Protocol. This is UNEP DTIE quarterly publication which details Ozone action programme under the multilateral fund.


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2004
Reports and Books
A Study of the Environmental Management Group
United Nations Environment Programme

The Environmental Management Group was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in paragraph 5 of its resolution 5 3/242 of 1999 on the basis of proposals by the Secretary-General and the report of a United Nations Task Force headed by the Executive Director of UNEP, Mr. Klaus Topfer. All the agencies of the United Nations system, secretariats of the multilateral environmental agreements, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization (WTO) are members of the Environmental management Group. UNEP is to provide the secretariat for the Environmental Management Group. The key points of the Group's mandate are coordinated approaches, information exchange, promotion of joint action by United Nations agencies and synergy among and between the activities of the United Nations agencies on environment and human settlement issues. It is to function through issue-management groups to be set up for dealing with specific issues in a time-bound manner.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Caribbean Islands, GIWA Regional Assessment 4
United Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden

This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Caribbean Islands region-an archipelago comprising drainage basins and coastal areas that contain some of the world's most diverse and productive habitats. A variety of human activities are impacting the region's sensitive and unique ecosystems, upon which the population is so dependent for their social well-being and economic survival. Pollution, originating from both land-based sources and marine traffic, is of particular concern, but despite considerable and widespread environmental and socio-economic impacts, there has been a lack of appropriate measures aimed at mitigating this concern. The past and present status and future prospects are discussed, and the trans-boundary issues of pollution are traced back to their root causes. Policy options are analyzed that aim to address these driving issues in order to significantly improve environmental quality and secure the region's future prosperity.


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2004
GEO
Informe del Estado del Ambiente - GEO Panama
Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente – Panamá

El GEO Panamá 2004 se elaboró a partir de un proceso participativo, que incorporó los aportes de expertos, políticos e instituciones relacionados con la gestión ambiental en el país, construyendo consensos sobre asuntos y cuestiones prioritarias a través del diálogo. El PNUMA se siente orgulloso de haber colaborado con la Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente en la realización de este Segundo Informe Ambiental de Panamá. El resultado de esta colaboración demuestra que el proyecto GEO, además de permitir la producción de un informe ambiental integral, inaugura un proceso de evaluación ambiental continuo y fortalece capacidades institucionales en el país, que permitirán monitorear los avances en la protección del medio ambiente y la gestión ambiental.


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2004
Reports and Books
United Nations List of Protected Areas (2003)
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre

The 2003 United Nations List of Protected Areas presents data on 102,102 protected areas covering 18.8 million km2. Within this total figure, there are 69,066 protected areas with lUCN Management Categories. In addition, there are 4,633 internationally designated sites. Although there has been an increase in the range of data presented in the 2003 UN List, compared to previous editions, it is clear that there has been a substantial increase in the extent of the world's terrestrial conservation estate in the past seven years. However, marine areas still make up a very small component - 1.7 million km' or 9.1% of the total area protected. This is the thirteenth edition in a series that was initiated by the United Nations more than 40 years ago. The last edition published data collected in 1997. Of the previous 12 UN Lists published, five ( 1982-1 997) have been prepared jointly by UNEP-WCMC and lUCN. As well as changes in the format and content of the 2003 UN List, the process involved to gather and review the data reflected the widening of partnership arrangements instituted in 2002 to manage the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) that underpins the UN List. This partnership includes other organisations through the WDPA Consortium, as well as agreements with intergovernmental organisations, such as the European Environment Agency and the ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation. This is also the first UN List prepared since the World Conservation Monitoring Centre became part of UNEP.


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2004