Chapters and Articles, Yearbooks and Frontiers
Ecological Connectivity: A Bridge to Preserving Biodiversity - Frontiers 2018/19: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern Chapter 2
United Nations Environment Programme

Nature was once vast and boundless, but in an industrialized, 21st century world, this is no longer the case. Across the globe,
landscapes and seascapes are becoming more fragmented. Fragmentation is typically a symptom of landscape transformation and destruction. Maintaining or restoring connectivity between fragmented habitats or landscape patches has been identified as the key to counteracting many of the negative impacts of
fragmentation. Connectivity can be defined as the degree to
which landscapes and seascapes allow species to move freely
and ecological processes to function unimpeded.


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2019
Chapters and Articles, Yearbooks and Frontiers
Synthetic Biology: Re-engineering the environment - Frontiers 2018/19: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern Chapter 1
United Nations Environment Programme

The world is facing unprecedented challenges to a healthy and sustainable future. Habitat destruction, invasive species, and overexploitation are contributing to immense biodiversity loss. Unsustainable, extractive industry practices further burden the environment, and by extension, human welfare. Vector-borne infectious diseases pose a major threat to global health. Rapid climate change is likely to expand the geographical range of tropical diseases and further stress already taxed species and ecosystems. A number of approaches devised to meet these challenges – some proposed and others already implemented – share a common strategy. That is, they depend upon the genetic manipulation of living organisms to acquire new functions that otherwise do not exist in nature, in order to serve human needs.


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2019
Chapters and Articles
3. Civic Engagement - Environmental Rule of Law: First Global Report
United Nations Environment Programme

Environmental rule of law requires a whole-of-society approach. While substantial emphasis is naturally placed on strengthening governmental institutions at the national, regional, and local levels, civil society also plays an essential role. This chapter focuses on the rights to information and participation in decision making. Access to justice is covered separately in the Justice Chapter, in order to fully cover all aspects of judicial remedies and enforcement as related to environmental rule of law. It is important to recognize that these three pillars of civic engagement—information, participation, and justice—act in a synergistic and mutually reinforcing manner to support increased inclusivity, transparency, and accountability in environmental rule of law.


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2019
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits
Become a #SolveDifferent Champion: A Guide for Member States
United Nations Environment Programme

This toolkit for Member States contains practical guidance and information for use in the lead-up to and during the Assembly.


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2019
Reports and Books
Environmental Rule of Law: First Global Report
United Nations Environment Programme

As the first assessment of the global environmental rule of law, this Report draws on experiences, challenges, viewpoints, and successes of diverse countries around the world, highlighting global trends as well as opportunities for countries and partners to strengthen the environmental rule of law. The Report highlights the need to undertake a regular global assessment of the state of environmental rule of law. To track progress nationally and globally, it is necessary to utilize a set of consistent indicators. The Report proposes an indicator framework for environmental rule of law and highlights existing datasets that may be utilized in support of the global assessment.
The Report also calls for a concerted effort to support countries in pilot testing approaches to strengthen environmental rule of law. Such an initiative could support testing of approaches in diverse contexts, and then adapting them before scaling them up. It should also foster exchange of experiences between jurisdictions to foster learning.


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2019
Foresight Briefs
We are Losing the "Little Things that Run the World" - Foresight Brief No. 011 - January 2019
United Nations Environment Programme

Insects make up about half of all known living organisms. They play key roles in, pollination, nutrient cycling, food chains or birds and other insectivores, and are one of the pillars of our ecosystems. However, the wide use of insecticides, fragmentation of habitats and climate change are placing multiple threats on them and their populations are under sharp decline. This Foresight Brief explores insect services, threats and solutions to sustain insect populations.


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2019
Other
Regional Networks of National Ozone Units
United Nations Environment Programme

The OzonAction Programme operates ten Regional Networks comprising 147 developing countries


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2019
Reports and Books
Faith for Earth Dialogue: United Nations Environment Assembly 4 - Synthesis Paper
United Nations Environment Programme

One of the main objectives of the Faith for Earth Initiative is to strategically engage with faith-based organisations (FBOs) and mobilise faith leaders and the faith community in an effective partnership to collectively achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and fulfil the objectives of the 2030 Agenda.
This paper thematically synthetises the presentations and dialogue that were held during UNEA-4, highlighting examples of best practices in terms of innovation from FBOs for sustainable consumption and production, priorities that have come through from discussions and potential areas for collaboration and cooperation.


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2019
Policy and Strategy Documents
SDG 10 Issue Brief: Sustainable Development Goal 10 (SDG 10) - Reduce Income Inequality within and among Countries
United Nations Environment Programme

The UN Environment Assembly 4 resolution on the poverty-environment nexus urges Member States to apply integrated, innovative and
coherent approaches in developing and
implementing policies, laws, plans and budgets for poverty eradication through
sustainable environment and natural resource management, in alignment with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development.


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2019
Policy and Strategy Documents
SDG 4 Issue Brief - Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4): Ensure Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education and Promote Lifelong Learning Opportunities for All
United Nations Environment Programme

In order to address climate change and mitigate its impact, systemic changes are
required in education


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2019