Reports and Books
Évaluation de L’état de Préparation en vue d’une Initiative d’ouverture des Données
Gouvernement du Burkina Faso

Le gouvernement du Burkina Faso est en capacité de lancer une initiative d'ouverture des données rapidement. Il deviendrait ainsi le premier pays d'Afrique francophone à se doter d'un programme d'open data. Il assumerait alors un rôle de pionnier dans la sous-région et pourrait profiter de cette visibilité pour attirer développeurs, ONG et entrepreneurs qui pourront proposer de nouveaux services et applications.


Download: French, 1_-Évaluation_de_L’état_de_Préparation_en_vue_d’une_Initiative_d’ouverture_des_Données-2014BurkinaFaso_OpenDataReadinessAssessment_2014.pdf.pdf
2014
Reports and Books
Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine
State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine (2014) contains the main indicators of the country’s social and economic situation in Ukraine in 2014 as compared with 2013 and 2012 (excluding the temporary occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol and also for 2014 excluding a part of the zone where anti-terrorist operation is conducted). Information for 2014 produced according to data from central bodies of executive power is compiled on the basis of available administrative daft.


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2014
Reports and Books
Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012
Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

This report is the most detailed and comprehensive study of its kind published to date – the result of the work of 90 experts over the course of three years. It contains the analysis of more than 35,000 surveys conducted at 90 Caribbean locations since 1970, including studies of corals, seaweeds, grazing sea urchins and fish. The results show that the Caribbean corals have declined by more than 50% since the 1970s. But according to the authors, restoring parrotfish populations and improving other management strategies, such as protection from overfishing and excessive coastal pollution, could help the reefs recover and make them more resilient to future climate change impacts. Key findings of the report: There has been a dramatic decline in Caribbean corals of more than 50% since the 1970s. The decline is not uniform and correlates only weakly with local extreme heating events, instead being mainly attributed to the severity of local stressors, in particular tourism, overfishing and pollution. Whilst climate change has badly affected Caribbean corals and continues to be a major threat, well-managed reefs have bounced back suggesting that climate change is not the main determinant of current Caribbean coral health and that good management practices can save larger areas of reef if tough choices are made. Loss of the two main grazers, parrotfish and sea urchin, has been a key driver of coral decline in the region as it breaks the delicate balance of coral ecosystems and allows algae to smother reefs The massive outbreak of coral diseases and mass die-off of sea urchin close to the Panama Canal suggest that the order-of-magnitude increase in bulk shipping in the 1960s and 1970s has introduced pathogens and invasive species that have since spread in the Caribbean. Recommendations made in the report: 1.,, Adopt conservation and fisheries management strategies that lead to the restoration of parrotfish populations and so restore the balance between algae and coral that characterises healthy coral reefs||2.,, Maximise the effect of those management strategies by incorporating necessary resources for outreach, compliance, enforcement and the examination of alternative livelihoods for those that may be affected by restrictions on the take of parrotfish||3.,, Consider listing the parrotfish in the Annex II and III of the SPAW Protocol (The Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife) in addition to highlighting the issue of reef herbivory in relevant Caribbean fisheries fora||4.,, Engage with indigenous and local communities and other stakeholders to communicate the benefits of such strategies for coral reef ecosystems, the replenishment of fisheries stocks and communities


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2014
Reports and Books
Energy Efficiency Market Report
International Energy Agency (IEA)

The Energy Efficiency Market Report 2014 (EEMR 2014) estimates that investment in energy efficiency markets worldwide in 2012 was between USD 310 billion and USD 360 billion. Investment in energy efficiency was larger than supply-side investment in renewable electricity or in coal, oil and gas electricity generation, and around half the size of upstream oil and gas investment. Investment in energy efficiency is distributed unevenly across countries and energy-consuming sectors (buildings, domestic appliances, transport and industry).


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2014

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