Reports and Books
Atlas of international freshwater agreements
United Nations Environment Programme

Water is one of the most widely shared resources on the planet, and the most vital for human survival after oxygen. It has a capacity to unite people that share a source of water, or to incite conflict among them as they compete for it. This systematic and thorough compilation of the available historical record of the very many treaties and agreements concluded in regard to the water resources of rivers and lakes shared across international borders offers fresh, compelling testimony to water being an agent of cooperation rather than of conflict. Moreover, the thematic maps featured in the Atlas help understand why this is so, and add new perspective to that of the legal records which make up most of the Atlas.


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2002

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Reports and Books
Global Risk And Vulnerability Index Trends per Year (GRAVITY) Phase II: Development, analysis and results
United Nations Environment Programme

This study presents the results from the second phase of the project Global Risk and Vulnerability Index Trend per Year (GRAVITY) developed by UNEP/GRID-Geneva for the UNDP/BPRD. At the end of the first phase - the feasibility study - which consisted on the identification of global data sets and indicators for explaining casualties from natural hazards, twelve recommendations were made. They mostly consisted on the creation of geographical links (georeferencing) of the impacts from past events as recorded in the database from the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). By deriving the extent, magnitude of the event, the exposed population could be extracted and a percentage of victims computed.


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2002
Reports and Books
Reforming energy subsidies
United Nations Environment Programme

This report summarises, in non-technical language, the issues and challenges in removing or modifying subsidies on energy that undermine the pursuit of sustainable development. It updates the first edition, published jointly by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2002, drawing on the findings of recent work related to energy subsidies by various organisations.


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2002

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