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Reports and Books
Indicators of Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

The Rio Conference of 1992 was convened upon the acknowledgement that patterns of production and consumption, especially in developed countries, had reached unsustainable levels, jeopardizing the stability of several environmental goods and services that guarantee not only the continuity of productive activities but also the quality of life itself, with the intention to pave the way to revert this situation in the benefit of the world. The objectives of the Latin American and the Caribbean Initiative are the following: a) Consolidating and continuing the efforts of Latin America and the Caribbean, at the different levels of Government and civil society, in order to overcome obstacles in the implementation of programmes and projects of interest to the region in implementing the recommendations of Agenda 21, emphasizing effective implementation and the development of participation mechanisms in the Caribbean||b) Developing actions in selected areas that, based on the political will of States, stimulate the participation of the private sector and of civil society in order to promote investments that may generate sustainable productive activities and, at the same time, allow for the conservation and sustainable use of environmental goods and services essential to life||c) Promoting the implementation of sustainable development models on the foundation of an ethical basis that are competitive and supported by public policies devoted to formulating science and technology, financing, human resources capacity-building, institutional development, valuation of goods and services and development of sustainability indicators adapted to the social, economic, environmental and political conditions of each country or to the needs of sub-regional groups of countries.


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2002
Reports and Books
Industry as a partner for sustainable development: fertilizer
United Nations Environment Programme, The International Fertilizer Industry Association

The fertilizer industry remains concerned about the effects of its products even after they leave the factory gate and it began promoting efficient and balanced use long before most industries were adopting life cycle product responsibility. In theory, as many as two billion farmers could use fertilizers on any given day. Ensuring that they have the best agronomic information, quality fertilizers and appropriate and efficient technology is a daunting task. However, under-use, over-use or unbalanced use all unleash negative impacts that must be eliminated to achieve truly sustainable production of quality food. Technology has a role to play, but capacity building is probably the most important factor. Managing these key agricultural inputs on a global scale requires mobilisation of industry, international organisations, governments, scientists, educators and trainers, farmers, agricultural workers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and local communities, all working together. Although the research to prepare this report revealed much progress, a number of challenges remain. This report is the first attempt of its kind to look at the contribution of the fertilizer industry to sustainable development, and to consider the challenges that face the industry as regards sustainability. Material from across the globe was reviewed, and we are grateful to the numerous organisations that provided information.


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2002
Manuals and Guides
International declaration on cleaner production: implementation guidelines for companies
United Nations Environment Programme

These guidelines, developed for government, companies and facilitating organisations are meant to assist the implementation of the six Declaration principles. It also provides a methodology for planning activities and measuring progress.


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2002

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