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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Botswana
United Nations Environment Programme

According to the African Energy Commission (AFREC, 2015), total electricity produced in 2015 was 278 ktoe with 99.6 per cent of it produced from fossil fuels. Industry consumed 25.1 per cent of all electricity consumed in 2015. Botswana’s energy capacity is thermal, produced mostly in coal-fired plants with a few small diesel generators in rural areas. The 132 MW Morupule coal-fired station generates most of the domestic electricity supply. More than 50 per cent of Botswana’s power requirements are imported from South Africa and Zambia.


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Energy Profile: Swaziland
United Nations Environment Programme

Electricity production in 2015 was 50 ktoe while final consumption of electricity was 99 ktoe.


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Sao Tome and Príncipe
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2015, total electricity produced was 3 ktoe, of which 66.6 per cent came from fossil fuels and 33.3 per cent from hydro sources.


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Energy Profile: Madagascar
United Nations Environment Programme

Madagascar’s population in 2013 was 22.92 million (World Bank, 2015). Electricity produced in 2015 was 223 ktoe of which 61.8 per cent came from fossil fuels and 36.3 per cent from hydro sources. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 323 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Energy Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations Environment Programme

Electricity production in 2015 was 676 ktoe with 99.7 per cent of it produced from hydro sources. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 613 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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