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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Madagascar
United Nations Environment Programme

Madagascar’s population in 2013 was 22.92 million (World Bank, 2015). Electricity produced in 2015 was 223 ktoe of which 61.8 per cent came from fossil fuels and 36.3 per cent from hydro sources. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 323 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Energy Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations Environment Programme

Electricity production in 2015 was 676 ktoe with 99.7 per cent of it produced from hydro sources. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 613 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Energy Profile: Gambia
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2013, Gambia’s population was 1.86 million. Total production of electricity in 2015 was 28 ktoe with 96.4 per cent produced from fossil fuels. In 2015, final consumption of electricity was 21 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: South Sudan
United Nations Environment Programme

Total production of electricity in 2015 was 28 ktoe, with 92.8 per cent from fossil fuels and 7.1 per cent from hydro sources. Final electricity consumption in 2015 was 16 ktoe.


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Chapters and Articles
Bridging the Gap: Carbon Dioxide Removal - The Emissions Gap Report 2017 Chapter 7
Smith, Pete, Friedmann, Julio

Carbon dioxide removal (sometimes called carbon removal or CDR) refers to a cluster of technologies, practices and approaches that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Despite the common denominator of removing carbon dioxide, these technologies can be very different.


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Energy Profile: Guinea Bissau
United Nations Environment Programme

Guinea Bissau has a population of 1.75 million. Total production of electricity in 2015 was 13 ktoe with all of it produced from fossil fuels. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 6 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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