Reports and Books
Incorporating resource impacts into fisheries subsidies disciplines: issues and options
United Nations Environment Programme

This discussion paper considers the potential implications of the conclusions drawn in the Matrix Paper for an international reform of subsidies. With the aim of stimulating dialogue, it offers one view of several possible options for incorporating the impact on resources into existing and new WTO disciplines on fisheries subsidies.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Caribbean Sea/Small Islands: GIWA Regional Assessment 3a
United Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden

This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Small Islands sub-system of the Caribbean Sea region - an area particularly vulnerable to human activities owing to the fragility of the island ecosystems and their limited carrying capacities. Habitat and community modification, as a result of anthropogenic pressures, was found to cause the most severe transboundary environmental and socio-economic impacts in the sub-system. The governments regard rapid economic growth as a priority, which they have failed to balance with the conservation and protection of important ecosystems. The Causal chain analysis discusses the root causes of habitat and community modification by investigating the cause-effect pathways of the concern. Policy options are proposed that aim to provide solutions to these fundamental issues, in order to enhance the management of the region's aquatic environment


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2004
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - 2004 - Ireland
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - Ireland

This third state of the environment report by the Environmental Protection Agency assesses and reports on the quality of Ireland's surface waters, air and natural resources and the impact of the main sectors on these valuable assets.


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2004
Reports and Books
Water and wastewater reuse: an environmentally sound approach for sustainable urban water management
United Nations Environment Programme, Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC)

Water scarcity and water pollution pose a critical challenge in many developing countries. In urban areas, it is becoming difficult for the authorities to manage water supply and wastewater. Strategies for water and wastewater reuse can improve urban water management. This publication provides introductory guidelines for these strategies. The important aspects to minimize public health risks are identified. The possibilities of wastewater reuse in agriculture, industry, urban uses, and environmental water enhancement including groundwater recharge are discussed with the help of practical examples. The capacity building policy-making, institutional strengthening, financial mechanisms, and awareness raising and stakeholder participation are vital to implement these strategies for wastewater reuse.


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2004

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