Reports and Books
Changes in the State of Conservation of Mt. Kenya Forests: 1999-2002
Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), DICE, KFWG, United Nations Environment Programme

In 1999, Kenya Wildlife Service, with support from UNEP, undertook a systematic aerial survey of the forests of Mt. Kenya. The findings of the survey revealed extensive forest destruction across the mountain ecosystem. As a strategic response, Mt. Kenya forests were afforded the enhanced protection status of a National Reserve in July 2000 and placed under the management of Kenya Wildlife Service. This report reviews the changes in the state of conservation of Mt. Kenya since 2000. The objectives of this report in monitoring the changes in Mt. Kenya forests are: - To assess changes in the state of conservation of Mt. Kenya forests since 1999||- To assess the effectiveness of the new management practices put in place on Mt. - To identify emerging or prevalent threats to conservation of the forests||and, - To recommend interventions in support of the conservation of forests.


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2003
Reports and Books
Desk study on the environment in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
United Nations Environment Programme

The aim of this desk study is to outline the state of the environment and identify major areas of environmental damage requiring urgent attention. It is based on a review of available, relevant studies and interviews with officials and experts. It lists priorities and proposes recommendations to solve environmental problems. The Desk Study addresses environmental issues identified as the most vital for the environment in the region.


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2003

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Reports and Books
GEO Ciudad de Mexico : 2003
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Environment Programme y el Centro de Investigacion en Geografia y Geomatica

This report is a part of the GEO cities project and is a tool that seeks to enhance the decision making process and promote strategic action. It was prepared within the PSIR framework -Pressure, State, Impact and Response. As such, the report addresses environmental issues in an integrated manner that appreciates the diverse dynamics in environmental issues.


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2003

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Reports and Books, Manuals and Guides
Sea water desalination in the Mediterranean assessment and guidelines
United Nations Environment Programme

The need for desalting seawater is becoming more and more pressing in many parts of the world. During the period from 1950 to 1990 the worldwide consumption of water was tripled, while the population grew by 2.3 billion people. In the Mediterranean, the present and future water needs are really increasing. It is estimated that by the year 2010 water demands will increase by 32% at least for the southern and eastern countries. There is no doubt that the above water needs can be covered and satisfied if only non-conventional resources of water are utilized, like water- recycling and desalination. Desalination has for a long time been a major source of water in parts of the Mediterranean. Desalination plants exist in places that have hot climates, relatively low and unpredictable rainfall and where conventional water resources are unable to meet peak tourist demands. Seawater desalination by Mediterranean countries is a steadily growing industry. This practically unlimited resource of water requires energy consumption and results to environmental impacts. These impacts are generated mainly from the concentrate (brine) produced during the desalination, but also from the discharges of chemicals used in the desalination processes. Although the number of scientific publications dealing with the issue is limited, the discharge of concentrate into the sea requires particular attention and scientific assessment of possible impacts on the marine environment. There is no doubt that Mediterranean countries, which use desalination to cover their freshwater needs, should apply appropriate guidelines or procedures for the disposal of brine according to the LBS and Dumping Protocol. As a result, this document was prepared to offer a basis for discussion aiming at identifying a common management approach in line with the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols.


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2003
Reports and Books
Tourism and local agenda 21: the role of local authorities in sustainable tourism
United Nations Environment Programme, International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

This Study looks at how tourism has been taken into account in local Agendas 21, as drawn up and implemented by local authorities. As local authorities face the impacts of tourism development, the Agenda 21 planning framework is useful to define strategic goals for all stakeholders, and to effectively use tourism to achieve a community's main goals. A coherent collection of case studies of the implementation of Local Agenda 21 structures and processes in many destinations, it highlights lessons learned, and compares various situations ranging from developing to established municipalities and regions, in continental and island settings.


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2003