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Foresight Briefs
Saving Lake Faguibine - Foresight Brief No. 001 - August 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Faguibine system, located in the Tombouktou region in Mali is a series of five interlinked lakes (Télé, Takara, Gouber, Kamango and Faguibine). In the late 19th century the floodplain extended over an area of 1,000 km–, however declining rainfall led to it shrinking to about 90 km² by 2010 (Hamerlynck, et al. 2016). Prolonged droughts over the years also led to the lake completely drying up in 1914, 1924 and 1944 (Pérez, Fernández and Gatti 2010). The decline of the Faguibine is an important issue because of its impacts on livelihood’s, food security and the resulting collapse of the natural ecosystem.


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2017

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Foresight Briefs
Putting Carbon Back Where It Belongs: The Potential of Carbon Sequestration in the Soil - Foresight Brief No. 013 May 2019
United Nations Environment Programme

Soil’s contribution to climate change, through the oxidation of soil carbon, is important. However, soils – and thus agriculture - can play a major role in mitigating climate change. Through multiple agricultural practices, we could help store vast amounts of atmospheric carbon in the soil, while at the same time regenerating soil fertility, plant health and whole ecosystems. This is a no regret option that offers multiple benefits and deserves high-level visibility.


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2019
Foresight Briefs
We are Losing the "Little Things that Run the World" - Foresight Brief No. 011 - January 2019
United Nations Environment Programme

Insects make up about half of all known living organisms. They play key roles in, pollination, nutrient cycling, food chains or birds and other insectivores, and are one of the pillars of our ecosystems. However, the wide use of insecticides, fragmentation of habitats and climate change are placing multiple threats on them and their populations are under sharp decline. This Foresight Brief explores insect services, threats and solutions to sustain insect populations.


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2019
Foresight Briefs
Alternatives for the Use of Glyphosate - Foresight Brief No. 010 October 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

Glyphosate is the most widely applied herbicide in agriculture and is often used in conjunction with crops that are genetically modified. Farmers’ dependency on glyphosate has grown steeply in recent years as it is easy to apply and relatively inexpensive. However, glyphosate is also increasingly controversial, with accumulating evidence that it can lead to a wide range of health and environmental impacts. Two countries have already banned glyphosate and others are considering to do the same. This Foresight Brief shows that there are alternative methods which can help to avoid the use of glyphosate as well as other harmful chemicals to kill weeds. The alternative methods offer the benefits of restoring soil fertility and increasing biodiversity in the environment.


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2018
Foresight Briefs
Revisiting Ocean Acidification, Food Security and Our Earth System - Foresight Brief No. 009 - July 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

Ocean acidification is a global issue, which is affecting all ocean regions. It is important as it may have severe impacts on marine organisms and ecosystems. Loss of biodiversity is a likely result, accompanied by a reduction of harvestable resources, including those associated with human food resources. If CO2 emissions continue at the same rate, ocean acidification will have a considerable influence on marine-based diets for billions of people worldwide. The only way to stop ocean acidification is to curb emissions of CO2.


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2018
Foresight Briefs
Building a Digital Ecosystem for the Planet - Foresight Brief No. 014 September 2019
United Nations Environment Programme

Emerging frontier technologies have dramatically boosted the ways in which we can monitor the health of our planet. If we can leverage this information effectively, we will be able to assess and predict risks, increase transparency and accountability in the management of natural resources, inform markets and consumer choice and guide the political action required to counter the
environmental risks and crises; and ultimately stand a better chance of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For this vision to become a reality, stakeholders must collaborate to build and deploy a global digital ecosystem combining data, infrastructure, analytics, and insights.
This Foresight Brief shows how such a global digital ecosystem can be achieved – as well as what we risk despite the 10-year span still available to achieve the SDGs.


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