Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report, 2000-2002 - Kiribati
Ministry of Environment Lands and Agricultural Development - Kiribati

State of the Environment (SoE) Reporting is a system for delivering information about the environment to all sectors of society, such as government, the private sector, non-government organisations and the general public, by identifying environmental issues and assessing actions addressed to deal with them. The bulk of this report contains the state of the environment, then secondly it assesses changes from the first SoE report and beyond depending on data availability, in terms of key changes or key environmental indicators that are known to be critical.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Iniciativa Latinoamericana y Caribeña para el Desarrollo Sostenible: Indicadores de seguimiento
United Nations Environment Programme (PNUMA), Banco Mundial

El tema ambiental ha llegado a occupar un lugar importante - aunque todavia secundario - en las agendas politicas, tanto privadas como publicas, de la region de America Latina y el Caribe.


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2004
Reports and Books
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation: global mechanisms, conservation and livelihoods
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This review examines the impacts of reactive nitrogen on the environment, human health and economies from local to global scales. About 40% of the human population depends upon food production made possible by synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. Combustion of fossil fuels adds more reactive nitrogen to air, water and soil. This distortion of the global nitrogen cycle, while raising agricultural yields, causes degradation of water and air quality, biodiversity, ecosystem services and human health. Meanwhile, reactive nitrogen deficiencies on farmland in many developing countries continue to create economic and health hardships, and accelerate land degradation. This review is intended to assist all stakeholders in understanding and assessing these challenges, and sets out the sources and impacts of reactive nitrogen and current trends in use and emissions. Case studies show the need to integrate scientific understanding and strengthen existing policies addressing the various impacts of reactive nitrogen. Recommendations are made on the assessment, monitoring, information sharing and collaboration required at different geographical scales, and across disciplines and jurisdictions, to develop and implement coherent and effective policies to address nitrogen excess and deficiency.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Caribbean Islands, GIWA Regional Assessment 4
United Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden

This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Caribbean Islands region-an archipelago comprising drainage basins and coastal areas that contain some of the world's most diverse and productive habitats. A variety of human activities are impacting the region's sensitive and unique ecosystems, upon which the population is so dependent for their social well-being and economic survival. Pollution, originating from both land-based sources and marine traffic, is of particular concern, but despite considerable and widespread environmental and socio-economic impacts, there has been a lack of appropriate measures aimed at mitigating this concern. The past and present status and future prospects are discussed, and the trans-boundary issues of pollution are traced back to their root causes. Policy options are analyzed that aim to address these driving issues in order to significantly improve environmental quality and secure the region's future prosperity.


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2004

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