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Reports and Books
Guidelines on Municipal Wastewater Management
United Nations Environment Programme

A practical guide for decision-makers and professionals on how to plan, design and finance appropriate and environmentally sound municipal wastewater discharge systems.


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2004
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report, 2000-2002 - Kiribati
Ministry of Environment Lands and Agricultural Development - Kiribati

State of the Environment (SoE) Reporting is a system for delivering information about the environment to all sectors of society, such as government, the private sector, non-government organisations and the general public, by identifying environmental issues and assessing actions addressed to deal with them. The bulk of this report contains the state of the environment, then secondly it assesses changes from the first SoE report and beyond depending on data availability, in terms of key changes or key environmental indicators that are known to be critical.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Analyzing Environmental Trends using Satellite Data: Selected Cases
United Nations Environment Programme

An analysis of recent and historical satellite imagery collected over the past forty years was carried out for Lake chad in West Africa, the Sundarbans along the India-Bangladesh border, Papua in Indonesia, the Paranaense Forest around Itaipu Dam and Iguazu Falls at the juncture of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, and the Ataturk Dam and the Harran Plain in South Eastern Turkey to provide scientific evidence of environmental change taking place in these ecologically significant regions of the world. While it can be difficult to pinpoint exact causes of change to the environment, the report documents environmental impacts of development, tourism, globalisation, human uses, engineering, climate change and a host of other factors.


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2004
Reports and Books
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation: global mechanisms, conservation and livelihoods
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This review examines the impacts of reactive nitrogen on the environment, human health and economies from local to global scales. About 40% of the human population depends upon food production made possible by synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. Combustion of fossil fuels adds more reactive nitrogen to air, water and soil. This distortion of the global nitrogen cycle, while raising agricultural yields, causes degradation of water and air quality, biodiversity, ecosystem services and human health. Meanwhile, reactive nitrogen deficiencies on farmland in many developing countries continue to create economic and health hardships, and accelerate land degradation. This review is intended to assist all stakeholders in understanding and assessing these challenges, and sets out the sources and impacts of reactive nitrogen and current trends in use and emissions. Case studies show the need to integrate scientific understanding and strengthen existing policies addressing the various impacts of reactive nitrogen. Recommendations are made on the assessment, monitoring, information sharing and collaboration required at different geographical scales, and across disciplines and jurisdictions, to develop and implement coherent and effective policies to address nitrogen excess and deficiency.


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2004

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