Reports and Books
Guidelines on Municipal Wastewater Management
United Nations Environment Programme

A practical guide for decision-makers and professionals on how to plan, design and finance appropriate and environmentally sound municipal wastewater discharge systems.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Indian Ocean Islands, GIWA Regional Assessment 45b
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the assessment of the Indian Ocean Islands, one of two oceanic assessments conducted by the GIWA. The region covers the Island States of Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles and the vast oceanic expanses between them. The most important transboundary concern is pollution, particularly solid wastes, which end up in the coastal and oceanic environments causing degradation of ecosystems and considerable economic impacts. Policy options to address the root causes of solid waste pollution are presented and their efficiency, equitability and practicality are discussed.


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2004
Reports and Books
Lake chad basin;GIWA Regional assessment 43
United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the results of the Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) of the transboundary waters of the Lake Chad Basin. This and the subsequent chapter offer a background that describes the impetus behind the establishment of GIWA, its objectives and how the GIWA was implemented


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2004

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Serials
Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin - Environmental Policies for Fuel Switching
Republic of Korea, Ministry of Environment

Fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas have been indispensable commodities for the economy since long ago. Electricity, which is essential to daily life, is mostly generated from these fossil fuels. Fuels for automobiles such as gasoline, diesel oil and gas are also fossil fuels. Steam and heat required for industrial activities are also largely produced from these fossil fuels. In fact, large part of all energy sources, that are crucial to economic activities in households, transportation and industry, comes from fossil fuels. However, among various fossil fuels, coal and oil are basically composed of carbon and contain a large quantity of impurities. Therefore, no matter how high their combustion efficiency may be, air pollutants, including particulate matters(PM), sulfur dioxide(SO2) and nitrogen dioxide(NO2), and global warming substances such as carbon dioxide(CO2) are emitted during the process of combustion. On the other hand, although such gases like liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are fossil fuels, their components are different from those of oil and coal and their contents of impurities are lower. Naturally, in the process of combustion, they emit much less air pollutants and global warming substances than coal and oil. Korea has achieved rapid economic growth since the 1970s, mainly driven by heavy and chemical industries. However, because the nation primarily relied on coal and oil as its energy sources, it suffered from air pollution triggered by SO2 and PM.


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2004
GEO
Perspectivas del medio ambiente en México - GEO México
Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, México

El informe Perspectivas del medio ambiente en México (GEO México 2004) presenta una visión de un país que en el siglo pasado transitó de una estructura predominantemente rural a otra en un proceso creciente de urbanización, y que inicia en el siglo XXI inmerso en una dinámica de integración a un mundo globalizado, con los retos que ello implica.


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2004
Reports and Books
Africa Environment Information Network (AEIN): Strengthening Environmental Assessment and Report
United Nations Environment Programme

The implementation of the Africa Environment Information Network (AEIN) initiative to support the Africa Environment Outlook (AEO) reporting process is now underway with 13 countries fully involved in the pilot phase and the whole region participating in capacity building activities. The goal of AEIN is to enhance accessibility to more reliable environmental data and information at national level for the environmental assessment and reporting in the region.


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2004

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