Reports and Books
Financing cleaner production: study on past investment practices
United Nations Environment Programme

This study reviews past investment practices in Cleaner Production (CP) in eight developing countries and economies in transition. Its main objective is to understand the main constraints hampering investments in CP and suggest training and other activities to be carried out under the project. It also provides useful conclusions and recommendations for various stakeholders interested in CP and sustainable financing.


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2000
Reports and Books
Master list of actions on the reduction and-or elimination of the release of POPs
United Nations Environment Programme

This master list consists of actions aiming at reducing and/or eliminating of releases of POPs. The master list should facilitate co-ordination and co-operation between and among activities at the national, regional and international levels in countries and organizations and thereby helping to avoid duplication of efforts and ensuring the efficient use of resources. This document is an evolving list of relevant POPs actions, including those already taken, being conducted, or planned. With the active participation of all countries and organizations, the master list can become a dynamic tool for ensuring co-ordination and complementary actions on POPs. Also this master list will form the basis for input for the Master Plan of Actions.


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2000
Reports and Books
Economic Instruments in Biodiversity-Related Multilateral Environmental Agreements
United Nations Environment Programme

The importance of economic instruments and other incentives in implementing MEAs is recognized in the text of a number of agreements, and in the discussions and decisions of their respective Conference of the Parties (COP) and other subsidiary bodies. This document looks at the role and importance of economic instruments in the context of three specific biodiversity-related MEAs the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention).


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2000
Reports and Books
Urban Air Quality Management Toolbook
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Human Settlement Programme

The Handbook presents the air quality management process in a systematic sequence ofactivities. This sequence, referred to as the Environment Planning and Management (EPM)process, is based on the experience of cities around the world and represents a realisticapproach to the complex tasks of urban environmental planning and management.


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2000
Reports and Books
Substance register: a guide to the organisation and use of chemical information
United Nations Environment Programme

This guide is an aid for companies that are going to build up a Substance Register, or want to utilise the possibilities of a Substance Register.


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2000
GEO
GEO: Latin America and the Caribbean: Environment outlook 2000
United Nations Environment Programme

The two major causes of global environmental degradation are the continuing poverty of the majority of the planet’s inhabitants and excessive consumption by the minority (UNEP 1999a). In Latin America and the Caribbean – as in other regions of the world – many socio-economic pressures have an impact on the environment. Poverty and inequality of income are doubtless among the leading ones. Others are unsustainable agriculture, industrial development and tourism, unplanned urbanization, demographic growth, and population density. Nevertheless, the countries in the region have important climatic, biophysical, geomorphological and socio-economic differences, and this diversity makes generalized environmental policy application difficult. Three major environmental issues stand out in the region. The first concerns the region’s urban areas: three-quarters of the population live in large cities where air quality threatens human health and water shortage is common. The second problem is the depletion and destruction of forest resources, mainly in the Amazon Basin, and the threat this implies in terms of biodiversity. The third issue relates to the possible regional impact of global climate change, as reflected in phenomena such as forest fires, natural disasters such as hurricanes and floods, and the rise of sea level which threatens many coastal cities in the region and productive land on island states. During the past decade, concern for environmental issues has increased markedly and many environmental institutions and policies have been created. Nevertheless, these changes have not improved environmental stewardship significantly. Environmental management continues to concentrate on sectoral perspectives without coherent and explicit integration with economic and social strategies. The lack of financing, technology, personnel and training, and – in some cases – excessively large and complex legal frameworks, are the most common problems. Increasing environmental awareness must be reinforced through a process of environmental education and information dissemination. Economic growth of countries in the region still relies on export growth and foreign capital inflows, regardless of the consequences for the environment and with no internalization of the environmental costs of this type of policy.


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2000
Reports and Books
Air quality guidelines for Europe (Second edition)
World Health Organization

This publication can assist national and local agencies responsible for protecting public health from the adverse effects of ambient air pollution and for monitoring ambient air quality. Aiming to prompt good practice in monitoring and health impact assessment, this report describes strategies and methods for providing information on ambient air quality that is adequate for health impact assessment. It discusses the overall requirements for designing and operating networks for monitoring ambient air and a range of air quality models used in comprehensive programmes for air quality assessment and management.


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2000
Reports and Books
Case studies on alternatives to methyl bromide: technologies with low environmental impact
United Nations Environment Programme

Provides methyl bromide users with information that will assist them in selecting commercially available, low impact (i.e., environmentally friendly) alternatives to methyl bromide. This publication is comprised of 18 case studies that illustrate non-chemical alternative techniques successfully used across the globe for major crops/commodities that use methyl bromide. The case studies provide illustrations of a range of biological and non-chemical alternatives.


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2000
GEO
Environment Outlook of Cuba 2000 - GEO Cuba
Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Cuba (CITMA)

Integrated environmental assessment of Cuba using the GEO methodology. This report was completed by the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Cuba (CITMA) in 2001. The report follows the GEO structure, including sections on the environmental situation, existing policy responses and future outlook.


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2000
Reports and Books
Overview of the Land-based Sources and Activities affecting the Marine Environment in the East Asian Seas: UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 173
United Nations Environment Programme

East Asian seas are bordered by some of the most populous nations in the world and have been undergoing rapid industrialization and social and economic developments. The heavy reliance on marine resources by these countries demand continued vigilance on ensuring the environmental sustainability for the littoral states and for the welfare of the future generation. The Action plan for the protection and sustainable development of the coastal and marine areas of the East Asian Seas region covers coastal and marine areas of Australia, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, Viet Nam, Singapore, The republic of Korea and Thailand.


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2000