Reports and Books
Designing an optimum protected areas system for Sri Lanka's natural forests. Volume 1
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

Sri Lanka is a small but biologically diverse country that is recognized as a biodiversity hotspot of global importance for plants. Many plants and animals are endemic to the island, 26% in the case of flowering plants and from 45% to 76% for certain taxonomic groups of animals. Much of this diversity is found in the south-west wet zone which occupies one-third of the country. Closed canopy normal forest covers 24% of the country but it is least extensive in the wet zone where human population pressures are highest. The over-riding objective of this National Conservation Review (NCR) of remaining natural forest in Sri Lanka is to define a national system of conservation forests in which watersheds important for soil conservation and hydrology are protected, forest biodiversity is fully represented and cultural, economic and social needs are met.


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1997
Reports and Books
Financial indicators and targets for protected areas
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

Drawing upon the results of a three year project at the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, this paper examines national investment in protected areas as a financial indicator for biodiversity conservation. An overview of the existing data on financial indicators and targets for biodiversity conservation is presented, including the recently completed global survey of government budgets for protected areas by the WCMC. The paper then discusses the methodological issues involved in standardizing data on investment in protected areas, the setting of target investment levels, and ways to improve the future collection of such information. The discussion is conducted within the framework of the upcoming national reports by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, and the specific objective of establishing financial indicators from the data included in the national reports.


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1997
Reports and Books
1997 United Nations List of Protected Areas
World Conservation Monitoring Centre, International Union for Conservation for the Nature and Natural Resources

The United Nations List of Protected Areas is an essential reference document for ail who want to understand the progress made in responding to the challenges of biodiversity loss and other environmental threats around the world. It is a record of extraordinary human achievement over 125 years - a commitment by nations, peoples, groups and individuals to safeguard areas of land and sea from destruction. Protected areas represent human ideals at their best - they express a long term vision and a broad sense of responsibility towards people and nature.


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1997

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