Reports and Books
Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Policy Responses, Volume 3
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board

This report examines the strengths and weaknesses of various policy response options that have been used to manage ecosystem services, as well as identifying policy and management options for improving human well-being while conserving ecosystems. This book further evaluates the current understanding of how human decisions and policies influence ecosystems, ecosystem services and consequently, human well being. This responses assessment consists of a three-stage approach. The first stage focuses on factors that may either rule out a particular response or may define the critical preconditions for its success. The second stage compared responses are across multiple dimensions, identifying compatibility or conflict between different policy objectives. Finally, responses are evaluated from different perspectives in order to provide guidance from the decision-making point of view.


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2005
Reports and Books
Global Assessment of the Vulnerability of Water Resources to Environmental Change
United Nations Environment Programme

This a framework used to assess the vulnerability of surface and groundwater to human land uses, within an integrated river basin management approach. In Africa, the project has provided significant baseline information on vulnerable aquifers fed by the River Nile in North Africa, serious freshwater shortages in West Africa, the variable rain-fed aquifers of Eastern Africa, and the uneven distribution of freshwater in Southern Africa. More detailed assessments on the rivers, lakes and aquifer basins are being carried out in Africa, including Central Africa and the Indian ocean Islands. Assessments have begun in Asia. Latin America and the Caribbean will follow soon. This approach will also include the Integrated Water Resource management. There is a specific focus on groundwater vulnerability.


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2005
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization in the rice sector: a country case study on the Indonesian rice sector
United Nations Environment Programme

This study is an integrated assessment of the economic, social and environmental impacts of the WTO, AoA and other trade-related policies on the rice sector, and it makes use of a variety of methodologies, including and Input-Output table to determine the backward and forward industry linkages, different valuations of environmental, social and economic costs and benefits.


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2005
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of the impact of trade liberalization: a country study on the Colombian rice sector
United Nations Environment Programme

This study illustrates the application of techniques for Integrated Assessment (IA) of trade and trade-related policies based on empirical evidence. It provides a basis for formulating appropriate measures to ensure the rice sector in Colombia supports sustainable development objectives.


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2005
Reports and Books
Biodiversity Indicators Capacity Strengthening: Experiences from Africa: Progress, Lessons Learnt and Needs for Future Indicator Development
United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre

In the past few decades there has been growing understanding that human well-being' is fundamentally linked to the state of the environment. One manifestation of this is the increasing acceptance of biological diversity ('biodiversity') as an important focus for human concerns. At international level this has perhaps been most clearly expressed by the entry into force and continuing implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Through this and other mechanisms, biodiversity has become the subject of many national and international policies and regulations.


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2005
GEO
GEO Year Book 2004/5: An Overview of Our Changing Environment
United Nations Environment Programme

The GEO Year Book 2004/5 is the second in an important series which serves as a guide for policy makers and a stimulus to future action towards the achievement of sustainable development. A spin-off product of UNEP's flagship report, Global Environment Outlook (GEO), it aims to bridge the gap between science and policy by highlighting the major global and regional environment issues and developments of the year and their implications on focusing on major policy developments and instruments that have a bearing on sustainable development.||||


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2005
Reports and Books
A Sustainable Future for the Mediterranean : The Blue Plan's Environment and Development Outlook
Benoit, Guillaume

This report constitutes an indispensable tool for each and every coastal country, the European Union and all those trying to build a Euro-Mediterranean zone of stability and shared prosperity.2 It presents a new analysis of the dynamics at work in the Mediterranean area, linked as far as possible with the social dimension. The approach highlights the relationships between development and the environment and focuses on the strategic priorities for the region. Six issues are analysed: water, energy, transport, urban areas, agriculture and rural areas, and coastal areas. All are subject to public policies and social practices that call for major changes if we want to maintain our vast natural capital, reduce risks and disparities, and get a genuine economic development process under way.


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2005
Summaries
Ecosystems and Human Well-being : Our Human Planet - Summary for Decision-makers
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

The assessment focuses on the linkages between ecosystems and human well-being and, in particular, on "ecosystem services." An ecosystem is a dynamic complex of plant, animal, and microorganism communities and the nonliving environment interacting as a functional unit. The MA deals with the full range of ecosystems—from those relatively undisturbed, such as natural forests, to landscapes with mixed patterns of human use and to ecosystems intensively managed and modified by humans, such as agricultural land and urban areas.


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2005
Reports and Books
Solid Waste Management Volume 1
United Nations Environment Programme

The primary emphasis of this book is on the management of solid waste in an urban setting. The urban setting may be a small municipality, any intermediate size community, or a large metropolitan area. In some cases, technological aspects could be extrapolated to rural settings.


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2005