Reports and Books
Product-service systems and sustainability: opportunities for sustainable solutions
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication examines the potential of sustainability in product-service systems, particularly in term of life-cycle approaches. It includes case studies of companies offering product-service systems, such as Auto Share of Toronto which, rather than selling or renting cars, sells memberships in a car-usage system and charges members for the time they use a car.


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2002
Reports and Books
A guide to world resources 2002-2004: decisions for the earth
United Nations Environment Programme

In this issue of World Resources, we focus on environmental governance—the processes and institutions we use to make decisions about the environment. Our four organizations endorse the Monterrey Consensus, which contains clear commitments to good governance, and challenge the international community to bring that mandate to bear on the crucial area of managing ecosystems and natural resources, both locally and globally. Our decades of experience dealing with environmental problems in rich and poor countries have shown time and again that good governance is crucial for the sustainable management of ecosystems, which are a key underpinning of sustainable economic growth and human development. The building blocks of good environmental governance are the access principles, first spelled out in 1992 in the Rio Declaration—the official document of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration calls for access to information concerning the environment, the opportunity to participate in the decision-making process, and effective access to judicial and administrative proceedings. But these principles are only as strong as our implementation of them.


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2002
Reports and Books
Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ghana: conservation report
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

A capacity building project was undertaken by six partner organisations, to support the long term conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ghana. A broad approach was followed, involving: development of medicinal plant gardens at two Botanic Gardens||an ethnobotanical survey undertaken at six villages||production of a manual for the propagation and cultivation of medicinal plants||development of computerized information systems at the Ghana Herbarium and Aburi Botanic Garden to allow analyses to be undertaken illustrating the status of medicinal plants in Ghana in the wild, particularly in relation to land use and protected areas. This report provides details on the methodology followed and the status of each of these outputs and preliminary analyses of the computerized collection data. These analyses illustrate the importance of computerizing plant record data held at biological institutions. They demonstrate the use to which the resulting information can be put in terms of generating material that is readily accessible and easily understood by those responsible for making decisions concerning the long term survival of one of the world's natural resources of key importance for human health.


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2002
Reports and Books
The Great Apes-the road ahead. A GLOBIO perspective on the impacts of infrastructural development on The Great Apes
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This report assesses the impact of infrastructural development on great ape populations, using the GLOBIO modelling approach. GLOBIO is a multivariate spatial model, which estimates the extent of land area with reduced abundance and diversity of living organisms, as a result of infrastructural development. The model can also be used to develop scenarios of possible future impacts, based on the current rates of infrastructural development.


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2002
Reports and Books
Eastern Africa Atlas of Coastal Resources: Federal Islamic Republic of Comoros
United Nations Environment Programme

This manual is designed to allow a comprehensive approach to coastal and marine environment the islands of the Comoros and its human uses.


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2002
Manuals and Guides
Tracking progress: implementing sustainable consumption policies
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication describes the implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection, Sustainable Consumption section. The report contains an overview of activities in over 50 countries and 8 national case studies (Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Germany, Japan, Mauritius and Senegal).


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2002
Reports and Books
Handbook on methyl bromide data reporting under the Montreal Protocol
United Nations Environment Programme

This handbook is designed to further assist countries to provide quality data reporting on methyl bromide consumption and production, as required under Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol, as differentiation between quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) and non-QPS uses, poses a particular challenge to Parties. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme has developed a handbook, which provides key methyl bromide data reporting information and guidance, in a simple and user-friendly way. Financing came from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, with input from the Ozone Secretariat, the Multilateral Fund Secretariat, national ozone officers and methyl bromide experts from the public and private sectors in developed and developing countries.


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2002
Reports and Books
Sustainable tourism in protected areas: guidelines for planning and management
United Nations Environment Programme, IUCN – The World Conservation Union, World Tourism Organization (WTO)

This publication, jointly published by UNEP, The World Conservation Unit (IUCN) and the World Tourism Organization (WTO) is a contribution to the International Year of Ecotourism 2002. The publication aims to assist protected area managers and other stakeholders in the planning and management of protected areas based on a wealth of practical case studies and experience.


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2002
Reports and Books
A Report on Models of National Legislation, Policy and Guidelines in the Africa Region, Asia and Pacific Region, and the Latin America and Caribbean Region: Law and Practice relating to Access to Information on the Environment, Public Participation in Processes leading to Decision-making and Access to Judicial and Administrative Procedures relation to Environmental Matters
United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Governing Council decision 20/4 (GC2014) calls on the Executive Director in consultations with Governments and relevant international organizations, to seek appropriate ways of building capacity in and enhancing access to environmental information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. In this regard, UNEP was further required by decision GC 20/4 to study various models of national legislation, policies and guidelines. This report is a study of State practice in three regions on national legislation, policy and guidelines covering access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. The study outlines various models found in the African region, the Asia and Pacific region and the Latin American and Caribbean region. It is clear from the study that although a lot takes place at the national level there is still a need for UNEP to enhance and promote these principles and create an enabling environment for Governments to build capacity in this area by learning from each oilier.


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2002
Newsletters
OzoNews Volume III - 24 December 2002
United Nations Environment Programme

In this issue:
1- China, Italy Launch Environmental Protection Programs
2- UAE Bans Sale of Anti-Ozone Sprays 3- Hybrid Bell Pepper is Latest Bad News for Nematodes


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2002