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Reports and Books
The 4th National Report of Iraq - Convention on Biological Diversity
Ministry of Environment - Republic of Iraq

It is fitting that as Iraq issues its first comprehensive report on the biological diversity of the country, the United Nations designates 2010 as the International Year of Biodiversity. Environmental issues such as biodiversity have not played a large part in the recent public discourse in Iraq, which to a large extent has been preoccupied with security and reconstruction. That being said, environmental concerns represent a significant challenge within Iraq that are complicating the development of the country, such as: water resource management||decline in biodiversity||waste management||oil development and industrial pollution and environmental impacts caused by decades of war and conflict. In 2009, Iraq signed the Convention for Biological Diversity (SCBD, 2009a) and initiated the first attempt to address the issue of biodiversity degradation that has plagued the country. This document is the first national report to be submitted to the CBD Secretariat as part of Iraq’s obligations as a Party to the Convention. It will examine and report on the status of biodiversity within Iraq and lay the groundwork for development of a national biodiversity strategy and action plan (NBSAP) to protect the diverse and vital species and ecosystems of Iraq.


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2010
Reports and Books
Metal stocks in society: scientific synthesis
United Nations Environment Programme

The continued increase in the use of metals over the twentieth century has led to a substantial shift from geological resource base to metal stocks in society. This report reviews the relevant literature on this topic. From a compilation of 54 studies, it is clear that a reasonably detailed picture of in-use stocks and in-use lifetimes exists for only five metals: aluminum, copper, iron, lead, and zinc. Limited data suggest that per capita in-use stocks in more developed countries typically exceed those in less-developed countries by factors of five to ten.


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2010
Reports and Books
Climate action 2010-2011
United Nations Environment Programme

This publications was produced to coincide with the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP), Climate Action provides an essential platform for governments, international opinion leaders, industry experts, distinguished academics and environmentalists to debate the business case for sustainable development and carbon neutrality.


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2010

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