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Reports and Books
Embedding the Environment in Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations Environment Programme

One of the principal outcomes of Rio+20 was the call to develop a set of universally applicable sustainable development goals (SDGs) that carefully balance the environmental, social and economic dimensions of sustainable development. This Paper provides advice and guidance on how environmental sustainability can be incorporated in the SDGs. It is intended to stimulate a dialogue on environmental sustainability and the SDGs rather than be the last word on the subject.


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2013
Reports and Books
Portfolio carbon: measuring, disclosing and managing the carbon intensity of investments and investment portfolios
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides a clear and compelling case for why and how investors and their service providers should start measuring, disclosing and reducing the GHG emissions associated with their investments and investment portfolios. Not only can institutional investors play a catalytic role in the decarbonisation of the economy||increasingly, regulators, policy-makers, investee companies, pension beneficiaries and the public at large are expecting investors to fulfill precisely that responsibility.


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2013
Reports and Books
Ecosystem based approaches for climate change adaptation in Caribbean SIDS
Pascal Peduzzi (United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva), Alexander Wolf (ZMT Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Biology)

Existing climate variability and global climate change are major threat stosustainable development in the Caribbean, particularly for the Small Island Developing States(SIDS). Hurricanes, storms urges and extreme rainfall events cause major damages to the assets of coastal populations, infrastructure and ecosystems. Climate projections suggest that sea level rise(SLR) and the increase of sea water temperature will continue, as well as the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events are likely to increase. Ecosystem based Adaptation(EbA) approaches, combining both engineered and community based benefits, are promising to prepare SIDS for future climate change scenarios. This reviewiew identifies Caribbean SIDS which highly depend on their marine ecosystems and are particularly vulnerable to climate change related risks and provides a recommendation on SIDS which are most suitable for EbA approaches including restoration and climate change adaptation efforts. Theselection was based on an assessment of the most important coastal ecosystems, namely mangrove forests, seagrass meadows and coral reefs, which can mitigate the consequences of climate change. In particular, the ecosystems extent, status, and potential to climate change adaptation(CCA) were assessed. The existence of protected areas and the management of those areas were considered additional assets as they constitute absolute pre-requisites for any EbA approach addressing restoration efforts, to become successful in the long run. The island states of Grenada, SantaLucia, Jamaica, SaintVincent & the Grenadines and The Bahamas display suitable conditions, given certain prerequisites are to be met, for restoration efforts of various kinds to be implemented in the near future.


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2013

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