Our Planet
Women, Health and the Environment - Our Planet Vol. 15 No. 2
United Nations Environment Programme

This edition of Our Planet celebrates women, and underlines their unique vulnerability to environment-related health problems, from water and sanitation issues to ones of indoor air pollution.


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2004
Reports and Books
SWOT analysis and evaluation of the GEO-3 process from the perspective of GEO collaborating centres
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP's Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is an integrated environmental assessment and reporting initiative entering its fourth cycle. Given its complexity and the need for continuous improvement and learning, evaluation has been an important part of the GEO process.


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2004
Reports and Books
Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation
Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation is the first truly circumpolar overview of Arctic biodiversity written for the nonspecialist. It provides the reader with a clear understanding of the importance of the Earth's largest ecoregion and its status in the face of a rapidly changing world.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global and Flyway-scale Monitoring and Conservation Programs for Migratory Water-birds of the Arctic: CAFF CBMP Report No. 7
CAFF International Secretariat

The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group of the Arctic Council (CAFF) and Wetlands International (WI) share a common purpose to promote the conservation and sustainable use of (wetland) biodiversity in the Arctic. At the request of the CAFF International Secretariat, this discussion paper was developed to highlight the potential for cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands International, with a focus on inclusion of Wetlands International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). This paper was also presented and discussed at the CAFF X Biennial Meeting in Anchorage, 14-16 September 2004. To achieve this, the discussion paper reviews: - Wetlands International's approach to conservation of wetland biodiversity. - The scope of wetland monitoring, research and conservation programs of WI around the world, with special emphasis on strategic overlap with the goals and objectives of CAFF, and proposed activities to support the implementation of the CBMP It is envisaged that the paper and subsequent discussions will provide the basis for a stronger and long-term interaction between CAFF and WI in promoting conservation and sustainable management of Arctic wetland and water bird biodiversity across their ranges.


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2004
Reports and Books
Harvesting the heavens A manual for participatory training in rainwater harvesting
SOPAC, United Nations Environment Programme, TCDT, SIDA

A manual for participatory training in the rain water harvesting.


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2004
Reports and Books
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation: global mechanisms, conservation and livelihoods
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This review examines the impacts of reactive nitrogen on the environment, human health and economies from local to global scales. About 40% of the human population depends upon food production made possible by synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. Combustion of fossil fuels adds more reactive nitrogen to air, water and soil. This distortion of the global nitrogen cycle, while raising agricultural yields, causes degradation of water and air quality, biodiversity, ecosystem services and human health. Meanwhile, reactive nitrogen deficiencies on farmland in many developing countries continue to create economic and health hardships, and accelerate land degradation. This review is intended to assist all stakeholders in understanding and assessing these challenges, and sets out the sources and impacts of reactive nitrogen and current trends in use and emissions. Case studies show the need to integrate scientific understanding and strengthen existing policies addressing the various impacts of reactive nitrogen. Recommendations are made on the assessment, monitoring, information sharing and collaboration required at different geographical scales, and across disciplines and jurisdictions, to develop and implement coherent and effective policies to address nitrogen excess and deficiency.


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2004
Annual Reports
Le PNUE en 2003: rapport annuel
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP annual report for 2003


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2004
Reports and Books
Global evaluation of human risk and vulnerability to natural hazards
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper describes some methodological aspects of the development of the Disaster Risk Index (DRI), a central component of the Reducing Disaster Risk report from the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP/BCPR 2004).


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2004
Reports and Books
Amazon Basin: GIWA regional assessment
United Nations Environment Programme;GEF;

The Amazon Basin is the largest basin on the planet and also one of the least understood. Its drainage area covers more than one third of the South American continent, and its discharge contributes almost one fifth of the total discharge of all rivers of the world. The headwaters of the Amazon River are located about 100 km from the Pacific Ocean and it runs more than 6 000 km before draining into the Atlantic Ocean. In addition, the Amazon has 15 tributaries, including the Tocantins River, that measure more than 1 000 km in length. The Madeira and Negro rivers are the most important tributaries, contributing with more than one third of the total water discharge. The Amazon Basin contains a complex system of vegetation, including the most extensive and preserved rainforest in the world. The rainforest, known as the Amazon Rainforest, is not confined to the Amazon Basin but also extends into the Orinoco Basin and other small basins located between the mouths of the Orinoco and Amazon rivers. In addition, savannah and tundra like vegetation can also be found.


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2004
Reports and Books
Lake chad basin;GIWA Regional assessment 43
United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the results of the Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) of the transboundary waters of the Lake Chad Basin. This and the subsequent chapter offer a background that describes the impetus behind the establishment of GIWA, its objectives and how the GIWA was implemented


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2004

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