Booklets and Brochures
Environment and Trade Hub: Focus Areas
United Nations Environment Programme

Over the past decades, world trade has undergone vast change. The financial volume of international trade has more than tripled since 2002. Global exports amount to roughly US$ 21 trillion or nearly 40% of global gross domestic product. Moreover, trade has been increasingly shaped through global value chains of production and globalised patterns of consumption. While production once took place mostly within a single country, today’s operations span across international borders. Components and parts are imported and exported multiple times before a final good is produced and sold. Furthermore, emerging economies and developing countries are playing a growing role in international trade and value chains. The share of developing economies’ exports in world trade expanded from 26% in 1995 to 42% in 2016. Today, South-South trade makes up one-third of world trade and continues to grow at a relatively high rate. More than half of developing country exports in value-added terms involve global value chains. In addition, developing country investments in key environmental sectors, such as the renewable energy sector, are on par with, or even exceed, investments in developed countries.


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Booklets and Brochures
Governance of the South West Indian Ocean Seamounts - Science to Policy Meting before the 9Th COP of the Nairobi Convention, 09 -11 July 2018 - Durban
Galetti, Florence, Marsac, Francis, Ternon, Jean-François

Seamounts are active or extinct volcanoes located on mid-oceanic rifts or intra-plate hot spots. Because of their magmatic origin, seamounts contain mineral resources. A crust of ferromanganese oxide enriched with cobalt, copper, manganese and sulphur has accumulated around the oldest reliefs. These reserves could exceed the quantities currently present on the continents, but their extraction cost remains prohibitive to be profitable. However, the situation could change in the coming decades as these resources in continental areas become more and more scarce.


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Booklets and Brochures
Environmental Aspects of the Motor Vehicle and its Use: An Overview
United Nations Environment Programme

Although no way has yet been found of quantifying the motor vehicle's undoubted benefits or its disadvantages, including social aspects and costs, this booklet, which is based on the material collected together for the UNEP Motor Vehicle Seminar, attempts to set out for decision-makers the various issues regarding the environmental impact of the motor vehicle and to provide guidance on optimum motor vehicle use and manufacturing processes from the environmental standpoint.


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Booklets and Brochures
Promoting Ozone and Climate-Friendly Technologies in Public Procurement: A Scoping Study of Asia Pacific
United Nations Environment Programme

This document was produced by the UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE) OzonAction Programme under the framework of the UNEP-U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) grant partnership project: “Regional Programme for Enhancing Institutional Capacity for HCFC Phase-out linked to Energy Efficiency and Climate benefits in Asia Pacific”.


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Booklets and Brochures
Chemicals Control: Contributing to National Progress and Safety
United Nations Environment Programme

Chemicals control addresses industrial and consumer chemicals as part of the sound management of chemicals, and is a vital element of national sustainable development strategies. It is essential to promote resource efficiency and to optimize access to economic opportunities, particularly of developing countries.


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Booklets and Brochures
Conservation and Management of Chondrichthyans (Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras) In the Western Indian Ocean
Wildlife Conservation Society Madagascar, Western Indian Ocean Program

The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) has been identified as a global hotspot for chondrichthyan diversity (Dulvy et al. 2014), with 130 shark, 86 batoid (wedgefishes, skates and rays) and 11 chimaera species identified to date. The WIO is one of four global hotspots for chondrichthyan evolutionary distinctiveness (Dulvy et al. 2014), giving the region’s chondrichthyans a high irreplaceability index (Stein et al. 2018), and highlighting the need for their conservation


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Booklets and Brochures
NOWPAP Medium-term Strategy 2018-2023
United Nations Environment Programme, Northwest Pacific Action Plan

The Action Plan for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region (NOWPAP), launched in September 1994 by the People’s Republic of China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation is part of the United Nations Environment Regional Seas Programme. NOWPAP implements its far-sighted mandate to protect the Northwest Pacific seas and coasts for present and future generations, guided by a six-year strategic framework of
sectoral goals and implementation modalities. The 2018-2023 NOWPAP Medium-term Strategy aims to equip Member States with the evidencebased cooperative mechanism to ensure a healthy marine and coastal environment, thereby advancing regional progress towards achieving ocean-related Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Medium-term Strategy 2018-2023 Vision is a resilient Northwest Pacific marine and coastal environment, supporting sustainable development for the long-term benefit of present and future generations. The major focus of the NOWPAP Medium-term Strategy 2018-2023 will be on the
coordination of the regional implementation of the ocean-related SDGs using NOWPAP mechanism. Medium-term Strategy 2018-2023 identifies four core areas of work to prevent and reverse increasing degradation of the marine and coastal environment in one of the world’s most impacted by human activities and natural changes region.


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Booklets and Brochures
Delivering for People and the Planet: Fifth Montevideo Programme for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law
United Nations Environment Programme

Montevideo Programme V promotes the development and implementation of environmental rule of law, strengthens the related capacity in countries and contributes to the environmental dimension of the 2030 Agenda. Montevideo Programme V will aim to:
(a) Support the development of adequate and effective environmental legislation and legal frameworks at all levels to address
environmental issues; (b) Strengthen the effective implementation of environmental law at the national level; (c) Support enhanced capacity-building for increased effectiveness of environmental law for all stakeholders at all levels; (d) Support national Governments, upon their request, in the development and implementation of environmental rule of law, consistent with decision 27/9 of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme; (e) Promote the role of environmental law in the context of effective environmental governance; and (f) Enhance the responsiveness and effectiveness of the Montevideo Programme.


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Booklets and Brochures, Factsheets
Green Economy: Briefing Paper: Trade
United Nations Environment Programme

Trade has the potential to drive a green economy by fostering the exchange of environmentally friendly goods and services, increasing resource efficiency, generating economic opportunities and employment, and contributing to poverty eradication. If managed poorly, however, unrestrained trade can contribute to environmental degradation, unsustainable resource use, and increased wealth disparities, all of which hinder a green economy transition and sustainable development objectives.


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Booklets and Brochures
Towards and Inter-agency Plan of Action for Achieving the Trade-related Targets of Sustainable Development Goal 14
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations

For the first time, a Global Goal on Oceans and Seas has been adopted. Sustainable Development Goal 14 is exclusively dedicated to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”.


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