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Reports and Books
Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

UNEP-WCMC has provided technical support to the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to conduct a major study of more than 300 scientific literatures to synthesise the observed and predicted impacts of ocean acidification on marine biodiversity. The study, Scientific Synthesis of the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity, describes an alarming picture of possible ecological scenarios and adverse impacts of ocean acidification for marine ecosystems, and highlights the direct link between climate change, ocean health and human well-being. The study was released by the CBD on the 14th December 2009 to mark Oceans Day and inform the climate change negotiations in Copenhagen.


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2010
Reports and Books
Assessment of Energy, Water and Waste Reduction Options for the proposed AMISOM HQ Camp in Mogadishu, Somalia and the Support Base in Mombasa, Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP undertook a preliminary assessment of the resource-demand and operating practices of two proposed African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) camps, in Mogadishu (HQ Camp), Somalia and Mombasa, Kenya (Support Base) in June 2009.The assessment compared the existing design parameters and operational specifications for each site and screened 132 potential resource efficiency measures that could be applied to achieve a reduction in energy and water consumption as well as waste production and disposal. Each option was ranked using a traffic light system according to practicality, technical robustness and financial implications. This ranking of potential resource efficiency measures was designed as an initial input to the DFS/UNSOA engineering team for further consideration and costing during the elaboration and finalization of the designs and subsequent procurement process. This report summarizes the outcomes of this assessment and provides a set of immediate, medium and long-term recommendations to DPKO and DFS for reducing energy, water and waste footprints at the two sites considered as well as in the design of future camps in other countries.


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2010
Reports and Books
Fisheries subsidies, sustainable development and the WTO
United Nations Environment Programme

This book explains why and how the reform of fisheries subsidies has become one of the most concrete and potentially successful international efforts to achieve global environmental, economic and developmental policy coherence. It describes the history and current status of the discussions at the WTO, drawing on UNEP's key documents and reflecting on the major issues. Accompanying the book is a CD-Rom containing full-text versions of the most important source material used in the publication. The book is aimed at a broad stakeholder audience, including policymakers in the fields of trade, fisheries, environmental economics and international environmental governance, as well as academics and others looking for an overview of the fisheries subsidies issue and an introduction to its technical components.


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2010

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Reports and Books
Protecting arctic biodiversity: limitations and strengths of environmental agreements
United Nations Environment Programme

The Arctic region is characterized by some of the largest continuous intact ecosystems on the planet, but is facing increasingly larger threats. These threats include the full range of stressors known from other parts of the world, namely habitat loss and fragmentation from infrastructure and industrial development, chemical pollution, overharvesting, climate change and invasive species infestations. Many of these pressures are mainly globally driven, including climate change, long-range transported pollution and even invasive species infestations. Others, such as harvesting and fragmentation are directly under Arctic governance, though often driven from demands outside of the Arctic region.


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2010
Reports and Books
Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2010 Assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

This quadrennial Assessment was prepared by the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel (EEAP) for the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. The Assessment reports on key findings on environment and health since the last full Assessment of 2006, paying attention to the interactions between ozone depletion and climate change. Simultaneous publication of the Assessment in the scientific literature aims to inform the scientific community how their data, modeling and interpretations are playing a role in information dissemination to the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, other policymakers and scientists.


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2010