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Serials
Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin - Environmental Policies for Fuel Switching
Republic of Korea, Ministry of Environment

Fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas have been indispensable commodities for the economy since long ago. Electricity, which is essential to daily life, is mostly generated from these fossil fuels. Fuels for automobiles such as gasoline, diesel oil and gas are also fossil fuels. Steam and heat required for industrial activities are also largely produced from these fossil fuels. In fact, large part of all energy sources, that are crucial to economic activities in households, transportation and industry, comes from fossil fuels. However, among various fossil fuels, coal and oil are basically composed of carbon and contain a large quantity of impurities. Therefore, no matter how high their combustion efficiency may be, air pollutants, including particulate matters(PM), sulfur dioxide(SO2) and nitrogen dioxide(NO2), and global warming substances such as carbon dioxide(CO2) are emitted during the process of combustion. On the other hand, although such gases like liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are fossil fuels, their components are different from those of oil and coal and their contents of impurities are lower. Naturally, in the process of combustion, they emit much less air pollutants and global warming substances than coal and oil. Korea has achieved rapid economic growth since the 1970s, mainly driven by heavy and chemical industries. However, because the nation primarily relied on coal and oil as its energy sources, it suffered from air pollution triggered by SO2 and PM.


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2004
GEO
Perspectivas del medio ambiente en México - GEO México
Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, México

El informe Perspectivas del medio ambiente en México (GEO México 2004) presenta una visión de un país que en el siglo pasado transitó de una estructura predominantemente rural a otra en un proceso creciente de urbanización, y que inicia en el siglo XXI inmerso en una dinámica de integración a un mundo globalizado, con los retos que ello implica.


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2004
Reports and Books
Africa Environment Information Network (AEIN): Strengthening Environmental Assessment and Report
United Nations Environment Programme

The implementation of the Africa Environment Information Network (AEIN) initiative to support the Africa Environment Outlook (AEO) reporting process is now underway with 13 countries fully involved in the pilot phase and the whole region participating in capacity building activities. The goal of AEIN is to enhance accessibility to more reliable environmental data and information at national level for the environmental assessment and reporting in the region.


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2004

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