Reports and Books
Sustainable consumption and cleaner production: global status 2002
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is an overview of action and thinking on the issue of Sustainable Consumption since the publication of Agenda 21 in 1992. Its focus is the ten years that have elapsed since that publication.


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2002
Reports and Books
North America's environment: a thirty-year state of the environment and policy
United Nations Environment Programme

One of UNEP’s fundamental mandates is to conduct accurate assessment and up-to-date reporting on the state of the world’s environment. The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) biennial report series contributes to the fulfillment of this role. GEO–1, published in 1997, provided a regionally focused, qualitative appraisal of key environmental issues and trends and relevant socioeconomic driving forces in all the world’s regions. GEO–2, published in 2000 presented a coordinated and comprehensive State of the Environment (SOE) overview at regional and global levels. It analyzed how underlying pressures (such as social developments) affect the land, atmosphere, fresh and marine waters, biological resources, and forests, and provided a separate presentation of environmental policy. This report, North America’s Environment: A Thirty–Year State of the Environment and Policy Retrospective expands on the North American regional contribution to the SOE chapter of GEO-3, published in May 2002. GEO-3 takes an integrated approach to SOE reporting and emphasizes the linkages between policy and the environment, past trends and possible future directions, and thematic areas. It also highlights the links among sectors (environmental, economic, social, cultural, etc). Its ultimate purpose is to connect environmental outcomes to activities, policies, and decisions. By providing a policy retrospective on progress made towards sustainable development since the 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, GEO-3 will influence conclusions drawn at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. The SOE component of GEO-3, and of this more detailed appraisal of North America, assesses the environment over the past 30 years by documenting how it has changed and how that change has impacted key human and environmental systems in the region. The policy aspect of this analysis seeks to explain how various policies have affected the environment in the past 30 years, to describe what is being done to lessen human impact on the environment and repair damage, and to evaluate the effectiveness of these policy measures.


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2002

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Reports and Books
Portugal Country Profile
Government of Portugal

The 2002 Country Profiles Series provides information on the implementation of Agenda 21 on a country-by country and chapter-by-chapter basis (with the exception of. chapters 1 and 23, which are preambles). These issues of trade, industry, energy, transport and sustainable tourism are, therefore, treated as distinct sections in the Country Profiles.


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2002
Reports and Books
Forests in sustainable development: a quick report card on progress since RIO
United Nations Environment Programme

Initiatives that treat forestry as a "sector" seem to be increasingly prone to failure. Forests are resources that other sectors use, in many different and often competing ways, to produce both public and private goods and services. The results of this use can vary widely in their contribution to sustainable development, from forest asset liquidation (land clearance for agriculture and infrastructure), to direct productive uses (plantation and natural forest management), to protective uses (wildlife conservation and water supply).


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2002
Reports and Books
The Great Apes-the road ahead. A GLOBIO perspective on the impacts of infrastructural development on The Great Apes
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This report assesses the impact of infrastructural development on great ape populations, using the GLOBIO modelling approach. GLOBIO is a multivariate spatial model, which estimates the extent of land area with reduced abundance and diversity of living organisms, as a result of infrastructural development. The model can also be used to develop scenarios of possible future impacts, based on the current rates of infrastructural development.


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2002

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