Reports and Books
Environmental Indicators in Northeast Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

Agenda 21 emphasized the need for developing indicators to provide the solid base for decision making at local, national, regional and global levels. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation in 2002 reiterated the need for indicators to monitor economic, social and environmental progress for sustainable development. Goal 7 of the UN Millennium Development Goals is set for countries to ensure environmental sustainability through integrating principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes, and reverse the loss of environmental resources. This report on Environmental Indicators for Northeast Asia has been prepared to present the trends of twenty nine key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in Northeast Asia for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in Northeast Asia based on available data and information. Lack of updated scientific database has been a major challenge in preparation of the report. This report highlights that poverty in Northeast Asia is forecast to drop significantly by 2015. China's economic growth and prosperity has led to a reduction in the poverty numbers in the sub-region. The Human Development Index (HDI) increased consistently for all the countries of the sub-region except Mongolia where it slightly decreased during 1990 to 1995. Desertification is an important environmental issue in this sub-region. Mongolia and China are being deeply affected by land degradation and top soil loss. Sustainable agriculture practices along with awareness about land management will help impede desertification. Air quality has worsened in the leading cities of this sub-region. Legal measures and effective policies are needed to counter the rising air pollution. UNEP hopes that the Environmental Indicators for Northeast Asia will be a useful document for government, nongovernment, regional and international organizations in the pursuit of developing policies and action plan. UNEP gratefully acknowledge the contribution of Environment Ministries, agencies, institutes and individuals in the preparation of the report.


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2004
Reports and Books
Analyzing the resource impact of fisheries subsidies: a matrix approach
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication builds on earlier UNEP work that developed a matrix as an analytical framework for assessing the impact of subsidies. Using this framework, the study offers a detailed assessment of the impact of eight categories of subsidies taking into account the specific characteristics of a fishery, including its level of exploitation and its management regime.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Arctic Greenland, East Greenland Shelf, West Greenland Shelf, GIWA Regional Assessment 1b, 15, 16
United Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, UCC-Water, NERI-Denmark

Globally, people are becoming increasingly aware of the degradation of the world's water bodies. The need for a holistic assessment of transboundary waters in order to respond to growing public concern and provide advice to governments and decision makers regarding management of aquatic resources has been recognised by several international bodies focusing on global environment. To compile a global overview, the Global International Water Assessment (GIWA) has been implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in conjunction with the University of Kalmar, Sweden (www.giwa.net).


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2004
Reports and Books
Training module: introduction to capacity building for environment, trade and sustainable development
United Nations Environment Programme

This introductory training module is designed to support capacity building for trade, environment and sustainable development and is part of UNEP's larger initiative for capacity building on integrated policy design and implementation.


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2004
Reports and Books
Natural allies: UNEP and civil society
United Nations Environment Programme

The planet's ecosystems are facing unprecedented challenges. Reversing global environmental declines demands the full and effective participation of all sectors of society. Natural Allies provides a clear picture of how civil society can and does work with UNEP, both benefiting from and strengthening UNEP's programme of work.


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2004
Reports and Books
Rapid Environmental Assessment of the Tisza River Basin
United Nations Environment Programme

The report notes that the Tsiza river basin ecosystem is regenerating itself after the cyanide accident, with wildlife largely recovering. But, it says more concerted action is needed to address environmental threats or insecurities.


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2004
Serials
Ozonaction
United Nations Environment Programme

Newsletter dedicated to the protection of the ozone layer and implementation of Montreal Protocol. This is UNEP DTIE quarterly publication which details Ozone action programme under the multilateral fund.


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2004
GEO
Perspectivas del medio ambiente en México - GEO México
Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, México

El informe Perspectivas del medio ambiente en México (GEO México 2004) presenta una visión de un país que en el siglo pasado transitó de una estructura predominantemente rural a otra en un proceso creciente de urbanización, y que inicia en el siglo XXI inmerso en una dinámica de integración a un mundo globalizado, con los retos que ello implica.


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2004
Reports and Books
Segundo Plano de Acção Nacional para o Ambiente DOCUMENTO SINTESE
Ministério do Ambiente Agricultura e Pescas.

As Grandes Opções do Plano definem como imagem de futuro de Cabo Verde no horizonte de longo prazo \"um país aberto ao mundo, com um sistema produtivo forte e dinâmico, assente na valorização do seu capital humano, capacitação tecnológica e na sua cultura. Uma sociedade solidária, de paz e justiça social, democrática, aberta e tolerante. Um país dotado de um desenvolvimento humano durável, com um desenvolvimento regional equilibrado, sentido estético e ambiental, baseado numa consciência ecológica desenvolvida\". A política de médio prazo do Governo orienta-se para a criação de um ambiente económico que encoraja o crescimento económico e reduza a pobreza, um crescimento respeitador do ambiente e equitativo. É neste contexto que o Governo elaborou o Segundo Plano de Acção Nacional para o Ambiente (PANA II), no horizonte 2004-2014, tendo como objectivo geral fornecer uma orientação estratégica para guiar o uso racional dos recursos naturais e a gestão sustentável das actividades económicas.


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2004
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report, 2000-2002 - Kiribati
Ministry of Environment Lands and Agricultural Development - Kiribati

State of the Environment (SoE) Reporting is a system for delivering information about the environment to all sectors of society, such as government, the private sector, non-government organisations and the general public, by identifying environmental issues and assessing actions addressed to deal with them. The bulk of this report contains the state of the environment, then secondly it assesses changes from the first SoE report and beyond depending on data availability, in terms of key changes or key environmental indicators that are known to be critical.


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2004

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