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Reports and Books
Indicators of Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

The Rio Conference of 1992 was convened upon the acknowledgement that patterns of production and consumption, especially in developed countries, had reached unsustainable levels, jeopardizing the stability of several environmental goods and services that guarantee not only the continuity of productive activities but also the quality of life itself, with the intention to pave the way to revert this situation in the benefit of the world. The objectives of the Latin American and the Caribbean Initiative are the following: a) Consolidating and continuing the efforts of Latin America and the Caribbean, at the different levels of Government and civil society, in order to overcome obstacles in the implementation of programmes and projects of interest to the region in implementing the recommendations of Agenda 21, emphasizing effective implementation and the development of participation mechanisms in the Caribbean||b) Developing actions in selected areas that, based on the political will of States, stimulate the participation of the private sector and of civil society in order to promote investments that may generate sustainable productive activities and, at the same time, allow for the conservation and sustainable use of environmental goods and services essential to life||c) Promoting the implementation of sustainable development models on the foundation of an ethical basis that are competitive and supported by public policies devoted to formulating science and technology, financing, human resources capacity-building, institutional development, valuation of goods and services and development of sustainability indicators adapted to the social, economic, environmental and political conditions of each country or to the needs of sub-regional groups of countries.


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2002
Reports and Books
Depleted uranium in Serbia and Montenegro: post-conflict assessment in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
United Nations Environment Programme

The potential environmental risks posed by Depleted Uranium (DU) weapons have been a widely debated issue. In autumn 2001, as a follow-up to its earlier work on DU in Kosovo, UNEP organized a scientific field mission to investigate the possible environmental consequences from DU used in Serbia and Montenegro during the military conflict of 1999. The mission investigated five targeted sites in Serbia, one in Montenegro and a targeted military vehicle. Field measurements were performed at each site, and 161 samples were collected for laboratory analyses. While the results of this study are consistent with previous findings in Kosovo, important new discoveries were made concerning penetrator corrosion, airborne DU particles, and risks for future groundwater contamination. Also, important lessons were learned from the decontamination measures conducted by Yugoslavian, Serbian and Montenegrin authorities. Given the remaining scientific uncertainties and adherence to the precautionary principle, UNEP recommends a series of measures to minimize risks and identifies important future research needs.


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2002
Reports and Books
A Report on Models of National Legislation, Policy and Guidelines in the Africa Region, Asia and Pacific Region, and the Latin America and Caribbean Region: Law and Practice relating to Access to Information on the Environment, Public Participation in Processes leading to Decision-making and Access to Judicial and Administrative Procedures relation to Environmental Matters
United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Governing Council decision 20/4 (GC2014) calls on the Executive Director in consultations with Governments and relevant international organizations, to seek appropriate ways of building capacity in and enhancing access to environmental information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. In this regard, UNEP was further required by decision GC 20/4 to study various models of national legislation, policies and guidelines. This report is a study of State practice in three regions on national legislation, policy and guidelines covering access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. The study outlines various models found in the African region, the Asia and Pacific region and the Latin American and Caribbean region. It is clear from the study that although a lot takes place at the national level there is still a need for UNEP to enhance and promote these principles and create an enabling environment for Governments to build capacity in this area by learning from each oilier.


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2002

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Reports and Books
Environmental Action Strategy for Sustainable Development in Italy
Ministry for the Environment and Territory, Italy

The growth rate of the world population shows an increasing trend although the pace is slowing down, while in some countries, such as Italy, it has come to a standstill.


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2002
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization and trade-related policies: a country study on the forestry sector in Tanzania
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is an assessment of the trade liberalization policies in the forestry sector, using cost-benefit analysis and other quantitative and qualitative approaches.


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2002