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Reports and Books
Leveraging expertise of civil society in developing countries: communication programme of methyl bromide synthesis report 2004
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication presents the saga of the unique efforts of these NGOs from developing countries. Methyl bromide, a soil fumigant, was included as a controlled substance under the Montreal Protocol in 1997 when for the first time that the agricultural community became engaged in implementation of the Montreal Protocol. At this turning point in the history of Montreal Protocol, OzonAction developed an innovative mechanism to engage NGOs in developing countries that had hands-on experience in sustainable agriculture. Under the Multilateral Fund, OzonAction provided financial assistance and technical guidance to 13 NGOs from as many countries to spark actions to eliminate methyl bromide.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global and Flyway-scale Monitoring and Conservation Programs for Migratory Water-birds of the Arctic: CAFF CBMP Report No. 7
CAFF International Secretariat

The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group of the Arctic Council (CAFF) and Wetlands International (WI) share a common purpose to promote the conservation and sustainable use of (wetland) biodiversity in the Arctic. At the request of the CAFF International Secretariat, this discussion paper was developed to highlight the potential for cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands International, with a focus on inclusion of Wetlands International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). This paper was also presented and discussed at the CAFF X Biennial Meeting in Anchorage, 14-16 September 2004. To achieve this, the discussion paper reviews: - Wetlands International's approach to conservation of wetland biodiversity. - The scope of wetland monitoring, research and conservation programs of WI around the world, with special emphasis on strategic overlap with the goals and objectives of CAFF, and proposed activities to support the implementation of the CBMP It is envisaged that the paper and subsequent discussions will provide the basis for a stronger and long-term interaction between CAFF and WI in promoting conservation and sustainable management of Arctic wetland and water bird biodiversity across their ranges.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Brazil Current, GIWA Regional Assessment 39
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the assessment of the GIWA region Brazil Current, including drainage basins and their associated coastal/marine zones. Three separate sub-regions have been assessed within the region: the South/Southeast Atlantic Basins, East Atlantic Basins, and So Francisco River Basin. Increased anthropogenic pressures due to economic development and urbanisation in the coastal area have polluted the water environment and caused severe impact on important ecosystems such as coastal plains and mangrove ecosystems. Significant changes in the suspended solids transport/sedimentation dynamics in the river basins due to unsustainable land use practices associated to intense deforestation and damming has caused increasing erosion of coastal zones, siltation of riverbeds, and modified the stream flows resulting in periods of water scarcity and flooding in some basins. The root causes of pollution and habitat and community modification are identified for the bi-national Mirim Lagoon Basin, a transboundary freshwater body shared between Brazil and Uruguay, and Doce River Basin that hosts biomes of global importance. Potential remedial policy options are presented.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Indian Ocean Islands, GIWA Regional Assessment 45b
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the assessment of the Indian Ocean Islands, one of two oceanic assessments conducted by the GIWA. The region covers the Island States of Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles and the vast oceanic expanses between them. The most important transboundary concern is pollution, particularly solid wastes, which end up in the coastal and oceanic environments causing degradation of ecosystems and considerable economic impacts. Policy options to address the root causes of solid waste pollution are presented and their efficiency, equitability and practicality are discussed.


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2004
Reports and Books
Environmental Indicators in Southeast Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

This report on Environmental Indicators for Southeast Asia has been prepared to present the trends of twenty five key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in Southeast Asia for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in Southeast Asia based on available data and information.


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2004