Reports and Books
Global gender and environment outlook: The critical issues
United Nations Environment Programme

The global gender and environment outlook provides an overview of critical evaluations and analyses of the interlinkages between gender and the environment, and their importance for gender-sensitive policymaking and actions.


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2016
Reports and Books
Loss and Damage: The Role of Ecosystem Services
United Nations Environment Programme

This report tries to advance understanding of climatic stressor effects on ecosystems and possible correlations and implications for societal losses and damages. Five case studies from Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America are used to illustrate effects through realworld examples, covering a range of climatic stressors, such as drought, floods, heat waves, and cyclones.


Download: English
2016
Reports and Books, Summaries
Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP) Vol. 5: Open Ocean: Status and Trends - Summary for Policy Makers
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations Environment Programme

The Open Ocean Assessment provides a baseline review of issues linking human well-being with the status of the open ocean through the themes of governance, climate change, ocean ecosystems, fisheries, pollution, and integrated assessment of the human-ocean nexus. It uses indices and indicators where data exist, in many cases with future projections due to global climate change, complemented by expert scientific assessment of numerous low certainty but potentially high impact issues where global ocean monitoring is inadequate.


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2016
Reports and Books
Transboundary Water Assessment Programme (TWAP) Vol. 6: Crosscutting Analysis - Transboundary Waters Systems: Status and Trends
United Nations Environment Programme

This volume of the TWAP reports presents a unique and first global overview of the contemporary risks that threaten international water systems in five transboundary water system categories, building on the detailed quantitative indicator-based assessment conducted for each water category.


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2016
Reports and Books, Summaries
Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP) Vol. 1: Groundwater - Transboundary Aquifers and Groundwater Systems of Small Island Developing States: Status and Trends - Summary for Policy Makers
United Nations Environment Programme, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

The Groundwater Component of the Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP) deals with Transboundary Aquifers (TBAs) and with Groundwater Systems of Small Island Developing States (SIDS). It was executed by the UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (IHP) and represents the first structured baseline assessment of the state of 199 transboundary aquifers and 42 SIDS groundwater systems as a basis for periodic assessments and to develop scenarios of possible future developments.


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2016
Reports and Books
Actions on Air Quality: Policies & Programmes for Improving Air quality around the World
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides a snapshot of the progress being made to adopt and implement key actions that can significantly improve air quality.


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2016
GEO
Резюме Региональных Оценок В Рамках Шестой Глобальной GEO-6: Экологической Перспективы:Ключевые Выводы И Политические Тезисы: UNEP/EA.2/INF/17
Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей среде

В настоящей записке обобщаются ключевые выводы и политические тезисы по итогам оценок в рамках подготовки доклада «Глобальная экологическая перспектива» (ГЭП-6), проведенных по шести регионам деятельности Программы Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей среде (Африка, Азия и Тихоокеанский регион, Европа, Латинская Америка и Карибский бассейн, Северная Америка и Западная Азия)1, 2 согласно резолюции 1/4 первой сессии Ассамблеи Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей среде.


Download: Russian
2016
Reports and Books
Green finance for developing countries: Needs, concerns and innovations
United Nations Environment Programme

This briefing outlines key concerns and needs of developing countries in relation to green finance, particularly focusing on developing countries that are not members of the G20. It also highlights emerging innovations, drawing in particular from engagement with practitioners and regulators from Bangladesh, Colombia, Egypt, Honduras, Jordan, Kenya, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Nigeria, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam, and the findings from the UNEP Inquiry’s country studies.1 Green Finance is a strategy for financial sector and broader sustainable development that is relevant around the world. But the context differs considerably for different countries. Developing countries, notably those with underdeveloped financial systems, face particular challenges in financing national development priorities. Financial Development shapes the context for green finance. Different sources of capital and financial institutions are particularly relevant in different countries. Financial systems in developing countries tend to be characterized by a dominant banking sector, and have large areas of the economy that remain unserved by the formal financial sector. Public finance and foreign direct investment can be particularly important as sources of long-term investment. Broadly, concern and action to align financing to sustainable development is concentrated in three areas: Preventing The Financing Of Illicit Practices Or Profiting From Weak Enforcement. Weak enforcement of environmental, economic and social policies and regulations can lead to social conflicts and market impacts resulting in losses to lenders and investors, and even macroeconomic stability risks. Unlocking Opportunities For Green Investment. In many countries, opportunities for green finance such as renewable energy, energy efficiency, agricultural development and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) productivity, as well as insurance markets, are potentially commercially viable, but inadequate owing to barriers in demand or supply. Exploring Solutions To Dilemmas And Trade-Offs. Many developing countries face a tension between the need to expand the electricity supply and reduce fossil fuel intensity. Similarly, SME finance is an area where regulators must be careful that lending requirements do not result in reduced overall lending or higher rates of non-performing loans and financial instability.


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2016
GEO
ملخص عمليات التقييم الإ قليمية في الطبعة السادسة من توقعات البيئة العالمية لبنامج البيئة
United Nations Environment Programme

GEO-6 تلخّص هذه المذكرة النتائج الرئيسية والرسائل المتعلقة بالسياسات المستقاة من التقييمات الإقليميّة في الطبعة السادسة من توقعات البيئة العالمية في مناطق برنامج الأمم المتحدة للبيئة الست (أفريقيا، آسيا والمحيط الهادئ، أوروبا، أمريكا اللاتينية والكاريبي ، أمريكا الشمالية وغرب آسيا) بناءً عى القرار 1/ 4 لجمعيّة الأمم المتحدة الأولى للبيئة يشمل كل تقييم إقليمي مراجعة لأولويّات الاقليميّة، ووضع البيئة في المنطقة، والتوجّهات الأساسيّة التي ستؤثّر على بيئة المنطقة في المستقبل، وتقييماً للأفعال اللازمة لدفع المنطقة نحو مستقبل أكثر استدامة. وستوفّر النتائج بيانات أساسية للتقييم العالمي لتوقعات البيئة العالمية وللمنتديات والعمليات الإقليمية والوطنية ذات الصلة وقد حازت التقييمات الإ قليميّة على تأييد سلسلة الاجتماعات الإ قليميّة التي عُقدت في مارس/آذار وأبريل/نيسان 2016 وضمّت الفريق الاستشاري الحكومي الدولي من أصحاب المصلحة الرفيعي المستوى الأعضاء في


Download: Arabic
2016
GEO
GEO-6: Global Environment Outlook: Regional assessment for West Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

In this assessment, the UNEP Secretariat and the authorsprovide an objective evaluation and analysis designed tosupport environmental decision making. Expert judgmentis applied to existing knowledge to provide scientificallycredible answers to policy-relevant questions


Download: English, Factsheet
2016