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Briefs, Summaries, Policies and Strategies
Impacts of Sand and Dust storms on Oceans: A Scientific Environmental Assessment for Policy Makers - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

Sand and dust storms (SDS) are common in deserts and semi-deserts when strong winds blow over dry soils with little or no vegetation. Dust generated by SDS is often raised high into the atmosphere and transported over long distances, frequently over the oceans. These atmospheric events are important for ecosystem functioning, with a wide range of effects on the Earth system. Given the hazards they pose to society, and the threats implied to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), they have also become an issue of increasing concern to governments and the international community.
This report examines the state of knowledge of how SDS impact marine ecosystems. These impacts, both direct and indirect, are inevitably also relevant to human society. In part, the impacts may be hazardous, but the perception of any threats should be balanced by an appreciation of the significance of desert dust to the Earth system. Actions to implement the recommendations presented at the end of this report should also take into account all aspects of SDS impacts on marine ecosystems.


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Manuals and Guides
A Training Manual on Integrated Environmental Assessment and Reporting: Training Module 3: Developing an Impact Strategy for Your IEA
United Nations Environment Programme

This module will focus on methods to position and deliver a national IEA so that it can have real impact on environmental policy and practice at a series of levels, ranging from local to national.


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Reports and Books
Opening the Door to Cleaner Vehicles in Developing and Transition Countries:The Role of Lower Sulphur Fuels - Report of the Sulphur Working Group of the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV)
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides information to help policymakers in developing and transi- tion countries understand the effects of the presence of sulphur in transportation fuels and the options available to lower sulphur levels to reduce vehicular emissions. The publication provides a general, non-technical overview of the considerations, benefits, and options for the development of policies and actions to reduce the level of sulphur in transportation fuels.


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Booklets and Brochures, Factsheets
Green Economy: Briefing Paper: Trade
United Nations Environment Programme

Trade has the potential to drive a green economy by fostering the exchange of environmentally friendly goods and services, increasing resource efficiency, generating economic opportunities and employment, and contributing to poverty eradication. If managed poorly, however, unrestrained trade can contribute to environmental degradation, unsustainable resource use, and increased wealth disparities, all of which hinder a green economy transition and sustainable development objectives.


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Discussion Papers, Concepts and Proposals, Resolutions, Decisions and Outcome Documents
Resolution 1/7: Strengthening the Role of the United Nations Environment Programme in Promoting Air Quality - Report of the Executive Director
United Nations Environment Programme

At its first session, held in June 2014, the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted resolution 1/7, on strengthening the role of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in promoting air quality, which followed the publication of a World Health Organization report in which it was estimated that more than 7 million people die prematurely due to air pollution every year.
The resolution encouraged Governments to take action to improve air quality and requested the Executive Director of UNEP to support Governments to implement the resolution. It also asked the Executive Director to develop a global report on action being
taken to address air quality.
Following the first session of the United Nations Environment Assembly, UNEP developed an implementation plan and numerous activities were supported at the global, regional and national levels that involved several UNEP divisions and all regional offices and
focused on creating awareness, supporting assessments, building capacities, building partnerships and strengthening international cooperation to improve air quality. Most of the activities were developed in partnership with Governments and other partners. UNEP is also in the process of developing a global air quality policy report that will be submitted to the United Nations Environment Assembly at its second session.
To further strengthen the air quality activities of UNEP, there is a need for additional resource allocations and institutionalization of air quality activities in its programme of work. The present report provides an update on progress made in the implementation of
resolution 1/7, as requested in paragraph 7 of the resolution.


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