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Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Brazil Current, GIWA Regional Assessment 39
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the assessment of the GIWA region Brazil Current, including drainage basins and their associated coastal/marine zones. Three separate sub-regions have been assessed within the region: the South/Southeast Atlantic Basins, East Atlantic Basins, and So Francisco River Basin. Increased anthropogenic pressures due to economic development and urbanisation in the coastal area have polluted the water environment and caused severe impact on important ecosystems such as coastal plains and mangrove ecosystems. Significant changes in the suspended solids transport/sedimentation dynamics in the river basins due to unsustainable land use practices associated to intense deforestation and damming has caused increasing erosion of coastal zones, siltation of riverbeds, and modified the stream flows resulting in periods of water scarcity and flooding in some basins. The root causes of pollution and habitat and community modification are identified for the bi-national Mirim Lagoon Basin, a transboundary freshwater body shared between Brazil and Uruguay, and Doce River Basin that hosts biomes of global importance. Potential remedial policy options are presented.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Indian Ocean Islands, GIWA Regional Assessment 45b
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the assessment of the Indian Ocean Islands, one of two oceanic assessments conducted by the GIWA. The region covers the Island States of Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles and the vast oceanic expanses between them. The most important transboundary concern is pollution, particularly solid wastes, which end up in the coastal and oceanic environments causing degradation of ecosystems and considerable economic impacts. Policy options to address the root causes of solid waste pollution are presented and their efficiency, equitability and practicality are discussed.


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2004
Reports and Books
Environmental Indicators in Southeast Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

This report on Environmental Indicators for Southeast Asia has been prepared to present the trends of twenty five key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in Southeast Asia for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in Southeast Asia based on available data and information.


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2004

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Reports and Books
Improving Municipal Wastewater Management in Coastal Cities. Training manual version 1 February 2004
United Nations Environment Programme

A Training Manual for Practitioners focusing on objective oriented planning, innovative technological and financial approaches, stakeholder involvment and presentation techniques.


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2004

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