Booklets and Brochures
Scoping Public Environmental Expenditure for Poverty Eradication in Botswana. Poverty-Environment Initiative Botswana Working Paper No. 3
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

Public Environmental Expenditure Reviews (PEER) are playing a major role in providing feedback to governments and other stakeholders on the status of environment and natural resources related spend and initiatives undertaken in a country. Mainstreaming of environment is taking place at a rapid speed across the world and PEER studies are increasingly finding a rightful place as a monitoring or reform tool for broad environment and development objectives. This paper advocates the value of undertaking preliminary analysis and scoping as a prerequisite for a detailed PEER based on the observations of the authors who recentlycollaborated in carrying out a scoping study in Botswana.


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Booklets and Brochures
Putting a Face to the Ozone Layer Protection: Regional Highlights
United Nations Environment Programme

Just as important, we need to relate all our work to people whose health, livelihoods and prosperity we are trying to safeguard. I grew up in South Africa and still remember how Nelson Mandela, when he came out of prison and addressed us in the Academy of Science in the early 1990s, urged us to “put a face to science!” Can we ‘put a face’ to ozone layer protection?


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Booklets and Brochures
Regional Cross-sectoral Planning in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
United Nations Environment Programme

This short paper provides an introduction to the project “Sustainable Fisheries Management and Biodiversity Conservation of deep-sea living marine resources and ecosystems in the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction” (also known as the “ABNJ Deep Seas Project”). It focuses on component 4 of the project, which seeks to identify and test opportunities for coordinated approaches to biodiversity conservation in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction.


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Booklets and Brochures
Threats to Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the NOWPAP Region
United Nations Environment Programme, Northwest Pacific Action Plan

The Northwest Pacific region features coastal and island ecosystems with spectacular marine life and commercially important fishing resources. The region is also one of the most densely populated parts of the world, resulting in enormous pressures and demands on the environment, including marine and coastal biodiversity. This brochure provides information on biodiversity threats and status is given for the western and eastern parts of the NOWPAP region as well as on member states response to those threats.


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Booklets and Brochures
Environment and Trade Hub: Frequently Asked Questions
United Nations Environment Programme

Trade is a vital part of the global economy and interlinks with the environment at many levels. Trade liberalization impacts the environment, in negative or positive ways. The challenge is to augment positive environmental effects, while mitigating and minimizing negative impacts. If designed properly, trade policy instruments can contribute to the efforts of addressing and alleviating environmental problems. UNEP, as the UN organization with a mandate principally focused on environmental issues, cannot neglect the important links between the environment and trade. Addressing this nexus, UNEP remains vigilant of the additional stress that growing volumes of international trade have put on the environment, for example in terms of natural resource extraction and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. UNEP works to ensure that trade serves as a vehicle for achieving sustainable development and facilitates, rather than undermines, the Green Economy transition.


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Booklets and Brochures
Development of the Western Indian Ocean Action Plan on Marine Litter and Microplastics
University of Dar es salaam, Institute of Marine Sciences

Marine litter and microplastics has recently taken a top slot in the political and public agenda on the health and integrity of the world’s oceans (Galgani et al. 2015; UNEP 2016). Over 80% of marine pollution that constitute marine litter and microplastics is from land based sources (GESAMP 1991; Sheavly 2005), largely associated with diverse anthropogenic activities such as increasing use of synthetic materials, industrialization and urbanization of coastal areas, where disposal and waste management practices are inadequate (Chen, 2015). To effectively manage marine litter, an adequate knowledge is necessary about drivers, sources, types, amount and dispersion. Policy measures are then needed to address the generation of marine litter and microplastics, in particular those that can be prevented at the sources (Veiga et al. 2016).


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Booklets and Brochures
Making the Connection: Economic Growth, Poverty and the Environment
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

This briefing paper makes the case for mainstreaming environmental considerations into policy, planning and budgeting processes at the national and district level. It substantiates the linkages between economic growth,
poverty and the environment and highlights strategies for reducing poverty and boosting economic growth for both rural and urban dwellers, whilst safeguarding Kenya’s natural heritage for current and future generations.


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Booklets and Brochures
Achievements & Highlights: 10th Anniversary of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

The 10th anniversary brochure of the ECA network reflects a decade of network operation and aims to share major achievements, case studies and highlights to provide inspiration for countries within and outside the region.


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Booklets and Brochures
Regional Outlook on Marine Protected Areas: Background, Purpose and Process
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

The Nairobi Convention through its GEF-funded project, ‘Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the Western Indian Ocean from land-based sources and activities (WIO-SAP)’, which started in December 2016, is supporting Contracting Parties towards the delivery of the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda in general and specifically Goal (SDG) 14 with special focus on Targets 14.2 and 14.5. Target 14.2 calls for the sustainable management and protection of marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration, to achieve healthy and productive oceans by 2020, while Target 14.5 states that by 2020, countries shall conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on best available scientific information.


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Booklets and Brochures, Manuals, Guides and Toolkits
Sustainable Lifestyles: Options & Opportunities in the Workplace
United Nations Environment Programme, One Earth

The set of actions presented can support employees and customers to enhance sustainability in their daily lives. The target audience is urban workplaces (and the organizations that work with them) that are developing sustainable lifestyle initiatives and campaigns. The list is meant to spark discussion, generate new ideas and be a “living document” that is modified with experience. The actions have been prioritized because they are more effective at reducing the ecological footprint.


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