Reports and Books
The National Strategy for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases
Ministry of Health - Republic of Iraq

Non-communicable diseases represent a major public health problem. Those diseases, mainly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and chronic respiratory diseases contribute to the majority of causes of death and constitute a major burden for socio-economic development especially in developing countries like Iraq. Non-communicable diseases are chronic in nature and may not cure, however, existing evidence indicates that these disease are largely preventable by means of effective intervention that tackle their shared contributory risk factors and the underlying social determinants. In addition, early detection and proper management of such diseases can reduce morbidity and premature death and may improve the quality of life. The global response through the last decade was represented by endorsement of the Global Strategy for Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases in addition to a number of mandates as the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (2003) and the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health (2004). In 2008 the Strategic Action Plan for the Global Strategy for Prevention and Control of NoncommunicableDiseases was endorsed. Finally, the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases was adopted in 2011. Current Situation In Iraq Iraq, like many developing countries is undergoing a transitional epidemiological period with increasing burden of Non communicable diseases and their contributory risk factors. The Ministry of Health statistics indicate that the four major chronic non-communicable diseases cardiovascular diseases, diabetes,cancers and chronic respiratory diseases contribute to around 50% of total mortality. Around 30% of these deaths occur before the age of 60.


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2013
Reports and Books
Women and natural resources: unlocking the peace building potential
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO), United Nations Development Programme

Thirteen years after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, investment in women as agents of change in peacebuilding remains inadequate. One of the unexplored entry points for strengthening womens contributions to peacebuilding relates to the way in which they use, manage, make decisions on and benefit from natural resources. Indeed, womens relationship to natural resources, coupled with shifting gender norms in conflict affected settings, provides opportunities for enhancing their political participation and enabling them to engage more productively in economic revitalization. With this report, UNEP, UN Women, UNDP and PBSO invite the international community, national governments and civil society to ensure that peacebuilding efforts fully include women, especially when it comes to managing natural resources.


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2013
Reports and Books
Enforcement Strategies for Combatting the Illegal Trade in HCFCs and Methyl Bromide
United Nations Environment Programme

This booklet is intended to be an easy-to-use resource for ozone officers and others who will be involved in the detection, prevention, and prosecution of smuggling in HCFCs and methylbromide. Ozone officers and enforcement professionals from both developed and developing countries were interviewed during the preparation of the booklet in order to gain their real-world advice. Through dozens of case studies and examples, the booklet provides enforcement strategies that can be implemented with flexible approaches that maximize the efficient use of scarce human and financial resources.


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2013

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Reports and Books
Bamako Convention: Conference of the States Parties
United Nations Environment Programme

Bamako Convention: Conference of the States Parties - Decisions


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2013
Reports and Books
Informing climate-resilient development: the application of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) in PACC programme - experiences and lessons learned in the application of CBA to PACC demonstation projects (PTR2)
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)

This report has been developed to summarise and communicate the key outputs and learnings of the cost-benefit analysis (CBA) work programme as part of the Global Environment Facility's Special Climate Change Fund (GEF-SCCF) and AusAID-funded Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) programme.


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2013