Reports and Books
Green breakthroughs: solving environmental problems through innovative policies and law
United Nations Environment Programme

This booklet is called Green Breakthroughs because it describes policies and laws that have been used effectively to solve environmental problems. Success stories are drawn from 45 individual countries, as well as from regional groupings such as those in Africa, the Caribbean and Europe, while others involve countries that share major rivers and lakes, or that are joined in common global endeavours. The successes relate to major environmental themes, the issues and challenges of each being explained. They include energy and climate change, the management of various kinds of wastes, the preservation and restoration of ecosystems, and the sustainable use of biodiversity and fisheries. The approach is always to show how policies and laws, whether singly or in mixtures, can reduce damage, increase efficiency and sustainability, and ensure that environmental, social and financial benefits reward those who use the world wisely and well.


Download: English
2008

Download:

Download:

Download:

Download:

Download:

Download:

Download:
GEO
Informe del Estado del Ambiente - GEO Uruguay
Dirección Nacional de Medio Ambiente (DINAMA), Uruguay

En el 2008 Uruguay se encuentra frente a un contexto internacional, regional y nacional que presiona fuertemente sobre las variables que influyen en el estado del ambiente en el país. Se esperan las siguientes tendencias por parte de las principales fuerzas motrices detrás de los cambios ambientales en Uruguay: Los precios internacionales de los principales productos que Uruguay exporta continuarán elevados o al alza, el consumo interno se mantiene al alza, el proceso de extranjerización y concentración de la tierra continúa, y persiste la falta de fiscalización ambiental.


Download: Spanish
2008
Reports and Books
Environmental survey of medical services activities in Iraq
Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation, Kurdistan Region Statistic, Ministry of Health

Medical services sector provides citizens with health care through the services it offers in fields of examination, treatment and surgery. While this sector endeavors to protect citizen’s health and prevent spread of disease, it might be a cause of effecting health and environmental hazards. This could happen if proper and safe methods are not applied in handling waste which is generated in the course of carrying out day‐to‐day work, and also, if such waste is not disposed of in an appropriate manner whether inside or outside health facilities. In particular, hazardous waste, containing pathological and infectious, agents and chemical and radioactive wastes may pose health hazards to patients and workers inside those facilities, and to the community and environment if such wastes are mixed with the rest of health facility waste and disposed of to the external environment without carrying out the necessary treatment. Hence, it has become essential to identify the amounts of waste generated and the methods applied in its collection, segregation, transportation and disposal. It is essential, as well, to identify the amounts of water consumed and wastewater generated, including treatment used to dispose of the latter, methods of dealing with gaseous pollutants resulting from waste incineration, workers in this field and the level of environmental awareness they have. All of that can be achieved through conducting an extended survey that includes health facilities. This survey is considered the first of its kind in Iraq.


Download: English
2008