Factsheets
Children's Rights and the Environment: Report of the United Nations Special Rapporteur
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Human Rights Special Procedures, Knox, John, Queen's University Belfast, Terre des Hommes International Federation
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2018
Factsheets
Tracking Methyl Bromide Consumption for QPS - OzoneAction Fact Sheet [July 2015]
United Nations Environment Programme

Efficient tracking of methyl bromide (MB) use requires close monitoring and a full understanding of both controlled and exempted uses. The IPPC has developed a list of articles typically fumigated with MB for quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) purposes, which facilitates collection and reporting of MB usage data. Modifications may be made in accordance to each Party’s circumstances and may vary when the intended use of for quarantine or for pre-shipment. There are many examples of successful tracking and control systems around the world


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Factsheets
Tracking Methyl Bromide Consumption for QPS - OzonAction Fact Sheet
United Nations Environment Programme

Efficient tracking of MB use requires close monitoring and a full understanding of both controlled and exempted (QPS) uses (see box 1). The IPPC has developed a list of articles typically fumigated with MB for QPS purposes, which facilitates collection and reporting of MB usage data (Box 2). Modifications may be made in accordance to each Party’s circumstances and may vary when the intended use of for quarantine or for pre-shipment. There are many examples of successful tracking and control systems around the world.


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Factsheets
The Informal Prior-Informed Consent (iPIC) Mechanism
United Nations Environment Programme

The Informal Prior-Informed Consent Mechanism (iPIC) was established by UNEP DTIE OzonAction to assist Parties in better managing trade in controlled ozone depleting substances (ODS) and meet their phase-out targets under the Montreal Protocol. The mechanism is designed to exchange information on intended trade between trade partners in ODS, ODS containing mixtures, products and equipment. It is a voluntary and informal system. However even non members are encouraged to contact iPIC members and respond to iPIC consultations.


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Factsheets
Safe Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Higher toxicity refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries, of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs. Many of these alternative refrigerants have particular characteristics in terms of toxicity, flammability and high pressure which are different from those used previously such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and HCFCs. When refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment is installed, serviced, repaired and dismantled, safety issues need to be carefully evaluated and considered particularly when servicing technicians have to deal with refrigerants with properties that they were previously not familiar with. It is therefore important that the refrigeration and airconditioning industry adapts to both the technical and safety issues concerning these refrigerants.


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Factsheets
How the Montreal Protocol Protects Health
United Nations Environment Programme

The need to protect human health was the driving force behind the establishment of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987). The treaties are the international
response to the significant threats to human health and the environment posed by the continued use of ozone depleting substances (ODS) in the global economy.


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Factsheets
Safe Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Flammable Refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

Factsheet: As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs. Many of these alternative refrigerants have particular characteristics in terms of toxicity, flammability and high pressure which are different from those used previously such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and HCFCs. When refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment is installed, serviced, repaired and dismantled, safety issues need to be carefully evaluated and considered particularly when servicing technicians have to deal with refrigerants with properties that they were previously not familiar with. It is therefore important that the refrigeration and airconditioning industry adapts to both the technical and safety issues concerning these refrigerants.


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Factsheets
Safe Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Higher Pressure Refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries, of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs. Many of these alternative refrigerants have particular characteristics in terms of toxicity, flammability and high pressure which are different from those used previously such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and HCFCs. When refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment is installed, serviced, repaired and dismantled, safety issues need to be carefully evaluated and considered particularly when servicing technicians have to deal with refrigerants with properties that they were previously not familiar with. It is therefore important that the refrigeration and airconditioning industry adapts to both the technical and safety issues concerning these refrigerants.


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Booklets and Brochures, Factsheets
Green Economy: Briefing Paper: Trade
United Nations Environment Programme

Trade has the potential to drive a green economy by fostering the exchange of environmentally friendly goods and services, increasing resource efficiency, generating economic opportunities and employment, and contributing to poverty eradication. If managed poorly, however, unrestrained trade can contribute to environmental degradation, unsustainable resource use, and increased wealth disparities, all of which hinder a green economy transition and sustainable development objectives.


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Factsheets
Free Trade Zones and trade in ODS - OzonAction Fact Sheet
United Nations Environment Programme

Free Trade Zones” (FTZ), are specifically defined areas within a country where goods may be imported/landed, handled, processed, assembled, manufactured or reconfigured, and re-exported with the companies deriving a wide range of benefits, for example, exemptions from duty and taxes, simplified administrative procedures and duty free imports of raw materials, machinery, parts and equipment. They are generally located around major ports, international airports, and national borders and locations with geographic advantages for trade.


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