Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Measuring Fossil Fuel Subsidies in the Context of the Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations Environment Programme, International Institute for Sustainable Development

This report provides methodological guidance for measuring fossil fuel subsidies in the context of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicator 12.c.1: “Amount of fossil fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption)”. This methodology is intended
for use by National Statistical Systems in compiling national estimates of fossil fuel subsidies. It also includes anelaboration of how fossil fuel subsidies can be measured at the global level.


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2019
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
UNEP Guidance - Enforcement of Chemicals Control Legislation
United Nations Environment Programme

This guidance document builds upon an earlier United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) publication, Guidance on the Development of Legal and Institutional Infrastructures and Measures for Recovering Costs of National Administration for Sound Management of Chemicals (LIRA Guidance). It provides guidance on how to ensure effective compliance with rules and regulations.


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2019
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Guide to the Ratification and Accession to the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization
United Nations Environment Programme

The Guidebook is a “how to” guide on the steps towards ratification of, acceptance of, approval of or accession to, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization. It provides references and describes strategies and techniques for good practice on ratification of the Protocol.


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2018
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Global Judicial Handbook on Environmental Constitutionalism - 2nd Edition
United Nations Environment Programme

This Handbook is designed to provide jurists with an overview of environmental constitutionalism: we address what it is, the peculiar practical and procedural issues it presents, and how courts from around the globe have engaged it.


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2018
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Procedure for Air Monitoring using Active Air Samplers (HVS)
United Nations Environment Programme

“Sampling methods for air and QA/QC procedures should, as far as possible, be adopted from existing air monitoring programmes1 for POPs, but they will need to be adapted to and validated for the specific conditions, concentration levels and temperature at the sampling sites.” This document therefore comprises, as a contribution to the capacity building efforts under the Global Monitoring Plan under the Stockholm Convention by the Stockholm Convention Regional Centre in the Czech Republic, a description of the operation procedure and methodology for sampling of ambient air by active sampler as a first attempt to bring key steps into one document. As there are several monitoring programmes, each of them using different type of active sampler, we are hereby describing a case study example of the device Leckel MVS-6 (middle volume sampler) used in the sampling sites in Africa.


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2018
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Establishing an HCFC Import Quota System
United Nations Environment Programme

Parties to the Montreal Protocol are obliged to follow the HCFC phase-out schedules agreed upon in 2007 (Decision XIX/6). Furthermore, developing countries seeking any further assistance from the Multilateral Fund for the HCFC phase out beyond 2012 must provide confirmation that they have an enforceable national system of licensing and quotas in place for HCFC imports and, where applicable, production and exports (Decision 63/17). Since the first control measure for developing countries for HCFCs enters into force on 1 January 2013, developing countries are therefore urged to design and implement such an HCFC quota system without delay to help ensure the country's compliance with the Montreal Protocol. UNEP OzonAction CAP has developed this practical, step-wise guide to assist National Ozone Units in Article 5 countries with designing and implementing such quota systems. This 27-page guide addresses policies facilitating implementation of the HCFC phase out, principles of an import quota system, how to establish an HCFC import quota system, additional measures which may help in enforcement of HCFC import quota systems, and import quota systems for equipment containing or relying on HCFCs. It also provides examples and lessons learnt, as well as suggested formats for questionnaires and accompanying letters to be used in a survey of potential HCFC importers and exporters.


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2012
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Desalination: Resource and Guidance Manual for Environmental Impact Assessments
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

The world's oceans have always been a source of food and other goods. The industrial‐scale production of drinking water from the sea, however, has only become possible since the 1950s. Today the worldwide number of desalination plants increases at rapid pace, as production costs of desalinated water have declined and many regions turn to desalination in order to alleviate the burdens of water scarcity. Desalination undoubtedly offers a wide variety of benefits for human health and socio‐economic development. It provides a seemingly unlimited, draught‐resistant and constant supply of high quality drinking water while reducing the pressures on freshwater ecosystems and groundwater aquifers. In spite of these advantages, concerns are raised over potential negative impacts of desalination activity on the environment. These need to be investigated and mitigated in order to safeguard a sustainable use of desalination technologies, which can be attained by conducting project‐ and location‐specific environmental impact assessment (EIA) studies. This publication intends to assist project designers, regulators and decision makers to anticipate and address all relevant public health, socio‐economic and environmental concerns that may arise when undertaking a desalination project, for obtaining maximum beneficial use of the desalinated water in terms of quality, safety and environmental protection.


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Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Computer Analysis for Environmental Biologists
Green, Roger, Khoo, Hong- Woo

It is appropriate that a training course in computer based quantitative methods for environmental biologists be held at this time and it is especially appropriate that it be held in Singapore. For developing countries, "development" must include the ability to use computers for many purposes, and one of the areas where computer skills are essential is certainly environmental biology.


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Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Handbook of Environmental Law
United Nations Environment Programme

This Handbook is intended to be a handy reference book of up-to-date information on environmental law. It provides a source of quick and easy reference for governments, institutions, NGOs and the public needing to use basic environmental law texts in the course of their daily work. It brings together key policy documents, texts of major legal instruments in the field of environmental law and sustainable development as well as basic texts in the field of international law, indispensable for carrying out work in environmental law. It is divided thematically into four parts.
Part One is entitled UNEP's Environmental Law Programme. It contains the texts of the documents which deal with UNEP's programme in environmental law and institutions. These are grouped in two sections. Section 1, UNEP's Legislative Authority in Environmental Law, contains those documents which set out UNEP's authority to take action in the field of environmental law. These are relevant General Assembly Resolutions, UNEP Governing Council Decisions and relevant extracts from Agenda 21. Section 2, UNEP's Activities in Environmental Law 1993-1995, discusses UNEP's current and on-going activities in respect of international legal instruments, national legislation and institutions, training, education and information, and policy statements.


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Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Landfill of Hazardous Industrial Wastes: A Training Manual - Technical Report No. 17
United Nations Environment Programme, The International Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Association

This is the 17th publications in a Technical Report Series that regroups the Guidelines, Overviews, Technical Reviews, and Workshop Proceedings previously published by UNEP IE/PAC. The regrouping into a single series will ensure a greater cohesion among future
publications, and allows a single document to include the various elements of IE/PAC work that had earlier been presented separately. As before, the Technical Report Series aims to meet the needs of a wide range of government officials, industry managers, and
environmental protection associations, by providing information on the issues and methods of environmental management relevant to
various industrial sectors.


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