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Reports and Books
Lithuania Report on Sustainable Governance Indicators
Government of Lithuania

Formal democracy is well developed in Lithuania. Participation rights, electoral competition and the rule of law are generally respected by the Lithuanian authorities. However, substantive democracy suffers from a few weaknesses. Party financing is not sufficiently monitored or audited, and campaignfinancing fraud is not subject to adequate enforcement.


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2014
Reports and Books
Sustainable Development in Action: Special Report on Voluntary Commitments and Partnerships for Sustainable Development
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

In an effort to provide updated information to all stakeholders, the Rio+20 Secretariat, through the Division for Sustainable Development of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA), prepared a progress report on voluntary commitments and partnerships for sustainable development in collaboration with the Action Network partners on the one-year anniversary of Rio+20, in July 2013. The present document is the second edition of that report, its launch coinciding with the second meeting of the High-level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development, which is the designated forum at the United Nations for monitoring progress on sustainable development and follow-up on commitments made at Rio+20.


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2014
Reports and Books
Vital Signs Ghana: The Measure of a Land
Conservation International, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Ghana

Vital Signs (VS) was designed to address this challenge by providing integrated, near real-time measurements of agriculture, ecosystem services, and human well-being. These measurements are made at all of the scales relevant to agricultural decision making—from a household to a farm, a landscape, and at the scale of a nation.


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2014
Reports and Books
Emissions and Adaptation Gaps: Can we bridge the cracks in climate policy? - UNEP global environmental alert service: February, 2014
United Nations Environment Programme

On May 9, 2013, the daily mean concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) at Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii surpassed 400 parts per million the highest recorded level since measurements began in 1958 (Figure 1). Since then, seasonally corrected monthly mean concentrations of CO2 have continued to rise. The emissions gap the difference between the emissions reductions pledged by parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the reductions needed to stay within two degrees Celsius (2C) warming is increasing. With it, the adaptation gap the difference between the level of funding and the capacities needed for adaptation and the amount committed to the task is also increasing1. In order to bridge these gaps, it is critical to fill holes in funding, knowledge, technology, capacity and trust.


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2014

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