Factsheets
Re-defining Value – The Manufacturing Revolution: Remanufacturing, Refurbishment, Repair and Direct Reuse in the Circular Economy - Key Insights for Policy Makers
United Nations Environment Programme, International Resource Panel

Re-thinking how we manufacture industrial products and deal with them at the end of their useful life could provide breakthrough environmental, social and economic benefits. Adopting value-retention processes is a win-win situation for governments, industry and customers. Governments would have less waste to deal with, generate green jobs, and stimulate economic growth; industry could lower production costs, avoid resource constraints on business growth, and open new markets; and customers could benefit from lower prices for refurbished products.


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2018

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Reports and Books
Assessment of Prenatal Exposure to Mercury: standard Operating Procedures
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

Mercury is toxic for humans, and the toxic effects of different forms of mercury have been extensively studied. Human biomonitoring is recognized as the most effective tool for evaluation of cumulative human exposure to mercury. In-utero development is the most vulnerable stage for the long-term adverse neurodevelopmental effects of mercury. Characterizing prenatal exposure is critical for evaluating public health impacts of mercury and assessing public health benefits of exposure reduction measures. Approaches to estimating exposure to mercury include measuring mercury levels in different biological matrices. The level of mercury in tissues can be an indicator of exposure to various types of mercury. The validity, usefulness and meaning of such measurements depend on the form of mercury exposure, type of tissue measurement and other factors. This document consists of standard operating procedures describing the assessment of mercury in hair, cord blood and urine. Quality control is essential to get reliable results. The document also provides information on alternative methods that can be used for analysis of mercury.


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2018

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Reports and Books
Wild Life, Wild Livelihoods: Involving communities on Sustainable Wildlife Management and Combating illegal Wildlife Trade
United Nations Environment Programme

The report summarizes insights from decades of research on community wildlife management, and draws lessons from new analyses focused specifically on engaging Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPLCs) in combating the illegal trade in wildlife (ITW). Based on a recognition of the importance of community “voice” in enabling sustainable and effective outcomes, it goes on to survey the opportunities and constraints for IPLCs in terms of their participation in key international policy forums that influence wildlife management.


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2018
Factsheets
Children's Rights and the Environment: Report of the United Nations Special Rapporteur
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Human Rights Special Procedures, Knox, John, Queen's University Belfast, Terre des Hommes International Federation
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2018
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits, Reports and Books
Procedure for Air Monitoring using Active Air Samplers (HVS)
United Nations Environment Programme

“Sampling methods for air and QA/QC procedures should, as far as possible, be adopted from existing air monitoring programmes1 for POPs, but they will need to be adapted to and validated for the specific conditions, concentration levels and temperature at the sampling sites.” This document therefore comprises, as a contribution to the capacity building efforts under the Global Monitoring Plan under the Stockholm Convention by the Stockholm Convention Regional Centre in the Czech Republic, a description of the operation procedure and methodology for sampling of ambient air by active sampler as a first attempt to bring key steps into one document. As there are several monitoring programmes, each of them using different type of active sampler, we are hereby describing a case study example of the device Leckel MVS-6 (middle volume sampler) used in the sampling sites in Africa.


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2018