Manuals and Guides
Guidelines for the Development of National Legislation on Access to information, Public Participation and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of these voluntary guidelines is to provide general guidance, if so requested, to States, primarily developing countries, on promoting the effective implementation of their commitments to Principle 10 of the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development within the framework of their national legislation and processes. The Guidelines demonstrate a willingness by Governments to more thoroughly engage the public at all levels to protect and manage the environment and related resources.


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2011
Factsheet
Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland: Site Specific Fact Sheets: Buemene-Korokoro
United Nations Environment Programme

Site fact sheet for Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland


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2011
Programme Planning and Reporting
Biennial Programme of Work and Budget for 2012–2013: Progress Report on Accountability and Financial and Administrative Arrangements Between the United Nations Environment Programme and the Multilateral Environmental Agreements for which it Provides the Secretariat or Performs Secretariat Functions: Report of the Executive Director
United Nations Environment Programme

The present report presents an overview of steps taken by the United Nations Environment Programme since the twenty-sixth session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum, in consultation with relevant stakeholders, on issues related to the accountability and financial and administrative arrangements between UNEP and the multilateral environmental agreements for which UNEP provides the secretariat or performs secretariat functions. It was prepared in pursuance of paragraph 18 of decision 26/9 of 24 February 2011.


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2011

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Reports and Books
Inventory of Mercury Releases in South Africa
South Africa, Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning

The benefits of undertaking a situation analysis of mercury in South Africa, and the development of an inventory of mercury use, sources, availability of safer and effective and affordable alternatives where applicable in South Africa include protecting the environment from releases of mercury and preparation for effective participation of the South African delegation in the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC IV) on mercury, and priority setting for the country.


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2011
Reports and Books
Green Economy Vulnerable to Rare Earth Minerals Shortages - UNEP Global Environmental Alert Service (GEAS) - January 2011
United Nations Environment Programme

Rare earth elements (REE) include the 17 elements on the periodic table of chemical elements. Industrial demand for these elements is small in terms of volume but they are essential for a wide and growing array of green technology and security uses. REEs are important parts of defense technologies such as radar and sonar systems precision-guided weapons cruise missiles and lasers for example. They are also especially critical for the expanding energy efficiency and renewable energy industries. Lanthanum for example is used in batteries for hybrid cars. Other REEs are used in magnets for electric generators in wind turbines and in coloured phosphors for energy-efficient lighting (Long and others 2010). Today clean energy technologies account for about 20 per cent of global REE consumption but as the demand for them increases their share of critical rare earth minerals is likely to grow (US DoE 2010).


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2011