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Reports and Books
Global Environment Outlook 2003 (GEO 3)
United Nations Environment Programme

The report presents a global overview and also directs a spotlight onto two or three key issues that are considered paramount in each of the seven regional arenas under each of eight environmental themes in turn: land, forests, biodiversity, freshwater, coastal and marine areas, atmosphere, urban areas and disasters. Analysing the most up-to-date and reliable information on these issues reveals the critical trends during the 30-year period - critical trends about the environment, and about the impacts that environmental change have had on people. Perhaps even more importantly, it highlights the evolution of environmental policy responses that society has (or sometimes has not) put in place to ensure environmental security and sustainability. Sustainable development rests on three pillars - society, economy and environment.


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2003
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2003 Update
Asian Development Bank

The analyses of macroeconomic trends, policy developments, and short-term forecasts for the developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank presented in the Asian Development Outlook 2003 (ADO 2003) published in April 2003 are reviewed in this Update. Despite significant economic shocks linked to the conflict in Iraq, higher oil prices, and the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, growth in the Asia and Pacific region continued to be robust during the first three quarters of 2003. This achievement is remarkable as it occurred despite a weaker than expected recovery in the major industrial countries in the first half of 2003. Hence, the projection for aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) growth for 2003 is unchanged compared to that made in ADO 2003, and the GDP forecast for 2004 has now been revised upward.


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2003
Reports and Books
2002 report of the refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pumps technical options committee (RTOC)
United Nations Environment Programme

In the last decade, the refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump industry made tremendous technical progress and complied with the Montreal Protocol through phasing out CFCs and, in several applications, HCFCs as well. The mobile air conditioning and the domestic refrigeration industries have shifted rapidly from CFC-12 to non-ODS refrigerants. Other applications, such as chillers and commercial refrigeration, have shifted from CFCs to HCFCs and HFCs or other fluids. The requirement to phase out CFCs and eventually other ODS, along with considerations to reduce global warming impacts, has spurred unprecedented transitions. Differences in timing and in choosing options between countries have been influenced by regional and national regulations.


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2003

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Reports and Books
Phytotechnologies: A Technical Approach in Environmental Management - Freshwater Management Series No. 7
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this publication is to provide a conceptual overview of phytotechnologies and their importance in relation to various environmental problems and potential solutions. Although it does not address all aspects of phytotechnology, it does provide the basis of a conceptual framework for understanding the importance of ecosystems approaches in helping to achieve sustainable development objectives.


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2003