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Foresight Briefs
Marine Plastics Litter and Microplastics - Foresight Brief No. 002 - September 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The global production of plastics has increased from 1.5 million tons in 1950s to about 300 million tons currently, at an average rate of 4 per cent per annum and is expected to continue growing (Boucher and Friot 2017). About 50 per cent of the plastics produced is for single use, and the literature estimates that 8 million tons (2.5 per cent) of the plastic produced are leaked into the oceans annually (PlasticsEurope 2016).


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2017

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Foresight Briefs, Serials
Lake Urmia: Signs of Recovery - Foresight Brief No. 004 - November 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

Lake Urmia, located in a mountainous region between the provinces of East and West Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran is one of the country’s most important ecosystems. Recent indications are that the lake is recovering. The focus of this brief is on the extent of this recovery and measures that are being put in place to ensure this is sustained.


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2017

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Foresight Briefs
The Changing Aral Sea - Foresight Brief No. 003 - October 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest inland lake. Its hydrological balance is strongly determined by inflows from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers which are fed by glacial melt waters from the southwestern Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan and the Tien Shan Mountains that border Kyrgyzstan and China. Research indicated the Aral Sea would eventually split into two by 2030. However, re-engineering along the Syr Darya River delta in the Small Aral Sea has shown the possibilities of deliberate intervention.


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2017

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