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Reports and Books
The Financial System We Need: Aligning the Financial System with Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

The global report of the UNEP Inquiry argues that there is now a historic opportunity to shape a financial system that can more effectively finance the development of an inclusive, green economy. This opportunity is based on a growing trend in policy innovation from central banks, financial regulators and standard setters, who are incorporating sustainability factors into the rules that govern the financial system. The report draws together practical examples of policy changes in banking, capital markets, insurance and institutional investment, drawing on detailed work in countries such as Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Colombia, France, India, Indonesia, Kenya, South Africa, the UK and the USA. It offers a Framework for Action that shows how a systematic approach can now be taken at both the national and international levels.


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2015
Reports and Books
Review of the Kubuqi Ecological Restoration Project: A Desert Green Economy Pilot Initiative
United Nations Environment Programme

A key element of the Rio+20 declaration was the agreement of countries to consider green economy as one of the important tools available for achieving sustainable development and eradicating poverty. Deserts perhaps pose one of the most challenging situations for implementing a green economy approach, due to the harsh, unpredictable environmental conditions, fragile ecosystem equilibrium, inherently low production potential, and limited infrastructure. Despite these challenges, from 1988 Elion Resources Group (Elion) took up restoration1 of part of the Kubuqi Desert, located in Hangjin Qi, within the Ordos City prefecture in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, which later developed into an example of desert green economy. The achievements to date have been remarkable and have attracted much international attention. However what were the factors that led to the success of the project and to what extent could the principles be applied to other dryland areas? The objective of this review was to provide a scientific assessment of the Kubuqi Pilot Site2 with respect to the project’s ecological economic and social sustainability with a focus on private-public-community partnerships.


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2015
Summaries
Economic Valuation of Wastewater - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

This is executive summary of a book that presents the results of an analytical study of the economic assessment of wastewater, comparing economic losses from inaction to the cost of effective wastewater management.


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2015