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Reports and Books
MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Union, African Development Bank and United Nations Development Programmeme

African Member States have made remarkable progress towards achieving the MDGs despite difficult initial conditions. Indeed, previous MDG Progress Reports for Africa have shown that when effort and initial conditions are factored in, African countries are among the top achievers of the MDGs. A study of countries accelerating the most rapidly towards the MDGs found that eight of the world’s top ten best performers are in Africa. Further, progress was more rapid in least-developed countries (LDCs) than in non-LDCs despite the significant investments in infrastructure and human capital that countries at very low levels of development require to achieve the MDGs.


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2014
Reports and Books
Review of the Economy
Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago’s economy continues to gain momentum and is expected to expand in real terms by 1.9 percent in calendar 2014, following growth of 1.7 percent in 2013. This outlook is premised on a projected 1.0 percent in the Petroleum sector complimented by a 2.5 percent expansion in the non-petroleum sector. The services sub-sector, with 51.8 percent, continues to be the largest contributor to non-petroleum GDP.


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2014
Reports and Books
CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion: Highlights
International Energy Agency

In the lead-up to the UN climate negotiations in Lima, the latest information on the level and growth of CO2 emissions, their source and geographic distribution will be essential to lay the foundation for a global agreement. To provide input to and support for the UN process, the IEA has made available the “Highlights” version of CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion. This annual publication contains estimates of CO2 emissions from 1971 to 2012 and selected indicators such as CO2/GDP, CO2/capita and CO2/TPES for more than 140 countries and regions.


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2014
Reports and Books
National biodiversity: Strategy & action plan: Framework for implementation 2014-2017
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

The purpose of this report is two-fold: firstly, to provide the Government of Afghanistan with a policy document that will be useful in guiding development of its future biodiversity conservation and management programming, and secondly for communicating biodiversity conservation priorities in Afghanistan to the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (a requirement of all countries acceding to the Convention), to other government agencies in Afghanistan, and to Afghanistan’s development partners.


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2014
Reports and Books
Taking root: the cash crop trade in Darfur
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of the study is to understand the impact of a decade of conflict in Darfur on the trade in some of Darfur’s major cash crops. How has the cash crop trade adapted, and to what extent, if at all, has it recovered? What are the major constraints faced? The ultimate objective is to identify how the cash crop trade can be supported to better sustain livelihoods in Darfur, and to support the eventual recovery of Darfur’s economy. The study covers groundnuts, Darfur’s most important cash crop, as well as sesame, gum arabic, tombac (chewing tobacco), and oranges. The main focus is trade and agro-processing, although the study also explores trends in production during the last decade.


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2014