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Reports and Books
The Environment Report
Malta Environment & Planning Authority

The Report diagnoses the current situation of our environment today and provides us with a holistic picture of Malta’s environmental challenges, looking at all sectors and policy areas affecting the environment. In a simple and attractive way, it gives readers a broad understanding of environmental trends, as well as their causes and consequences, with the aim of building up public consensus around issues where action is needed.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
The Green Customs Guide to Multilateral Environmental Agreements
United Nations Environment Programme

The Green Customs Guide provides information and guidance to Customs and other border control officers to assist in their efforts to monitor and facilitate the legal trade and to detect and prevent the illegal trade in environmentally sensitive commodities such as ozone depleting substances, toxic chemicals, hazardous waste, endangered species and living modified organisms. This Guide explains the Green Customs Initiative and provides an overview of the relevant trade-related treaties and organisations that are included in this Initiative. Information is provided on how trade is regulated and the responsibilities of Customs officers in implementing the various controls are described. Specialised terminology is explained and sources of further information and assistance is provided. The Guide is designed to be used as part of a training curriculum for customs officers or as a stand-alone resource.


Download: English, Russian
2008
Reports and Books
Freshwater under threat : North East Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

As part of an UNEPs global initiative in vulnerability assessment of freshwater resources under changing climate, this report summarizes results from in-depth vulnerability assessment of freshwater resources in the Northeast Asia, including a general introduction of the sub-region and the main factors of freshwater resources, including all countries of the sub-region, and an in-depth synthesis of vulnerability assessment of freshwater resources based on the results from the five selected river basin assessment case studies. The five basins are Changjiang River Basin, Huanghe River Basin and Songliao Basin in China, and Orkhon River Basin and Tuul River Basin in Mongolia In North East Asia, most river basins are located in the continental climate zone where precipitation is low (arid and semi-arid zone). Climate change causes the changes in temporal distribution of precipitation is a fundamental factor contributing to increased vulnerability of the freshwater resources. The report reveals that reducing trends of precipitation and runoff were observed, and the speed of change is accelerating, and water is becoming a more and more scarce resources, and some rivers are even dried out partially. Agricultural irrigation is a sector not only with largest water consumption, but also with largest water waste. Due to the influence of water quantity and quality, there is a huge proportion of population in Northeast Asia without access to improved drinking water supply (IDWS). Along with the shrink of lakes and wetlands, the habitats of vegetation and animals are gradually withdrawing, which results in biodiversity loss in the subregion. Statistically, many endemic and endangered species like fish, amphibian, waterfowl, and aquatic mammal are threatened with extinction. The report further concludes that the water quality was deteriorated in Northeast Asia in general. Water pollution puts the situation of water scarcity from bad to worse, severely affects agricultural, industrial and domestic water supply, and does harm to human health and aquatic biodiversity. Conclusions and findings are focused on practical options and solutions towards effectively manage the water resources and to cope with the variety stresses relating to water resource base, water resources development and use, ecological health, and management capacity.


Download: English
2008

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