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Reports and Books
Pacific Islands: GIWA regional assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Pacific Islands region, which comprises more than 20 Island nations or territories that exhibit enormous geomorphological, climatic, cultural and demographic diversity within a vast ocean expanse. The region is unique because its inhabitants, who have close links with, and great cultural, economic and spiritual dependence on, their terrestrial and marine environment, are often the owners and users of these resources and ultimately govern their conservation and sustainable use. In addition to highlighting the overexploitation of fish and other living resources in densely populated areas, this report emphasises the vulnerability of many of these small Island states to the impacts of climate change, particularly sea level rise and fluctuations in rainfall, which has enormous influence on the availability of freshwater in the region. The root causes of overexploitation and freshwater shortage are illustrated using several case studies and potential policy options and mitigate these problems in the future are discussed.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global and Flyway-scale Monitoring and Conservation Programs for Migratory Water-birds of the Arctic: CAFF CBMP Report No. 7
CAFF International Secretariat

The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group of the Arctic Council (CAFF) and Wetlands International (WI) share a common purpose to promote the conservation and sustainable use of (wetland) biodiversity in the Arctic. At the request of the CAFF International Secretariat, this discussion paper was developed to highlight the potential for cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands International, with a focus on inclusion of Wetlands International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). This paper was also presented and discussed at the CAFF X Biennial Meeting in Anchorage, 14-16 September 2004. To achieve this, the discussion paper reviews: - Wetlands International's approach to conservation of wetland biodiversity. - The scope of wetland monitoring, research and conservation programs of WI around the world, with special emphasis on strategic overlap with the goals and objectives of CAFF, and proposed activities to support the implementation of the CBMP It is envisaged that the paper and subsequent discussions will provide the basis for a stronger and long-term interaction between CAFF and WI in promoting conservation and sustainable management of Arctic wetland and water bird biodiversity across their ranges.


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2004

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Reports and Books
The use of economic instruments in environmental policy: opportunities and challenges
United Nations Environment Programme

This report seeks to help policy makers, especially in the developing world, to identify, evaluate and apply economic instruments to address a country's environmental problems within its national and local circumstances. It presents an innovative approach by offering tools for a comprehensive assessment of the country context and conditions and by tailoring solutions to the specific country needs. The report also provides practical guidance on identifying when economic instruments may be most appropriate, and on strengthening the support framework needed to introduce them.


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2004
Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Lake Chad Basin, GIWA Regional Assessment 43
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme

This report represents the GIWA Assessment of the Lake Chad Basin, which is located in one of the poorest and most drought prone regions in the world. Climatic variability and poor water governance has threatened the ecological and socio-economic integrity of the region. The past and present status and future prospects are discussed, and the transboundary issues traced back to their root causes. Policy options have been recommended that aim to address these driving issues and reverse the environmental degradation trends witnessed in the region over the past 30 years.


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2004
Reports and Books
Environmental Indicators in Southeast Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

This report on Environmental Indicators for Southeast Asia has been prepared to present the trends of twenty five key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in Southeast Asia for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in Southeast Asia based on available data and information.


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2004

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